• Wolność mediów w reżimach politycznych. Przypadek Tajlandii

    Author: Martyna Pietruszka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 71-87
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: kim/2016_1/kim2016106.pdf

    Freedom of Press in Political Regimes: the Case of Thailand
    Abstract: Article updates the research on the development of media in political regimes. Freedom of the media, one of the basic civil liberties, is understood to belong to everyone, without restrictions on the right to freedom of expression (ie. The freedom of speech), the right to appoint media operators and the right to be informed. Applicable in Thailand limit media freedom in part are located in the directory of commonly accepted in democratic regimes. Thus, for example, restrict freedom of speech similar arrangements for the good of the legal, ie. Dobrom common law, such as public safety, legal order and security of the state and the individual’s personal property occurring, their interpretation and strict enforcement go far beyond the practice of democratic regimes. There is present therein in Thailand closure and suspension of the operation of media entities without a court order, to influence the structure of the business media, widespread censorship, criminalization of defamation, and especially imposing draconian penalties for committing this crime. The aim of this article is to determine the scope of the effect of restricting media freedom in the Thai media market.

  • Il pubblico femminile a teatro in età moderna

    Author: Marzia Pieri
    E-mail: marzia.pieri@unisi.it
    Institution: Università degli Studi di Siena
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3169-5277
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 37-49
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IW.2019.10.1.15
    PDF: iw/10_2/iw10202.pdf


    At the dawn of the modern era, aristocratic women, whether at court or in the academy, shed a noble aura on the new classic theatre and were often the privileged recipients of dedicated plays and poetry essays. They were totally different from the theatre-going women that bought tickets in 16th- and 17th-century Europe. Women in the theatre, whether on the stage or in the audience, were a problem and a source of scandal for Catholic and Protestant authorities, who wanted to ban them from attendance. However, their presence kept growing and finally established itself in the 18th century, when women became the main heralds of good taste and sentiment. This essay discusses the two aspects of this story.

  • Biographical Sketch of Bogdan Hamera and Characteristics of his Works in the Socialist Realism Period (1911–1974)

    Author: Aleksandra Sylburska
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4969-5048
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 103-124
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/pbs.2020.05
    PDF: pbs/8/pbs805.pdf

    The article is dedicated to the writer Bogdan Hamera (1911–1974) and his three works from the socialist realism period. The first, “Na przykład Plewa”, was a model example of a new type of literature that was promoted by the communists. Due to this success, he remained a significant figure in Polish literature in the first half of the 1950s. The article presents the significant moments in Hamera’s life. The most important elements of the books were presented, as well as their reception by the communist censorship. Attempts were made to answer the question of the author experiences’ influence on the shape of the works, their content and the importance of his role in the literature of socialist realism.

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