Central Europe

  • The Uncompleted Revolution? The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia in the Post–Communist Reality

    Author: Marcin Czyżniewski
    E-mail: mcz@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 60-72
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2016005
    PDF: ppsy/45/ppsy2016005.pdf

    The change of the political regime in Czechoslovakia, called the Velvet Revolution, is considered as a success story of transformation after 1989. However, in nowadays Czech Republic, the Communist Party still exists – this is the only such case among democratic countries of Central Europe. It makes us ask the question: is the Velvet Revolution completed? The author treats the activities of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia as a criterion for the assessment of changes in the Czech Republic after 1989 and wonders how strong for the assessment of the transformation influences the relics of the former regime. He stresses that transformation in the Czech Republic can’t be assessed on a comparative scale, because pace and effects of changes were different in different countries, as different was the nature of the previous regimes. The author concludes that the existence of the Communist Party is the natural element of contemporary political reality of the Czech Republic, which negates the achievements of transformation in no way. 

  • Rossija i Centralnaja Evropa: metamorfozy otnoshenijj Na fone transformacijj i globalnogo krizisa

    Author: Lyubov N. Shishelina
    E-mail: l.shishelina@gmail.com
    Institution: Institute of Europe RAS, Russia
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 13-26
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2017101
    PDF: npw/12/npw2017101.pdf

    Relations between Russia and Central European countries at the background of domestic transformations and global crisis have passed several stages of development: their almost complete breakdown in the mid 1990-ies, had improved during the 2000-ies, but after the crisis in Ukraine has returned back towards the lowest point of the last 25 years. If in 1990-ies the state of relations had been largely determined by the countries themselves, now, in the absence of subjective reasons for their decline, they are forced to obey the new commitments dictated from Brussels. Against this background, the bilateral relations continue to influence the circumstances that can be associated rather with the formation of the foundations of the new policy and its ideological basis. The current situation, and mainly the crisis in Ukraine, as the country situated between us, had put a real call to our relationship. The ability to give an adequate answer to it would prove the maturity of our relations.

  • Trudne początki współpracy wyszehradzkiej w dobie transformacji systemowej

    Author: Paulina Błażejewska
    Year of publication: 2016
    Pages: 82-94
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016104
    PDF: npw/10/npw2016104.pdf

    Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary established a closer relationship in the late eighties and early nineties of the twentieth century as a result of the fight against the communist system. In these difficult times interconnection helped to develop common goals to achieve. A similar level of development and the geopolitical situation in the three countries activated the society to act. Accession to the European Communities and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was the main priority in those years. However, accession criteria were quite a challenge and only joint actions in this direction enable the challenges posed by the Member States of these organizations. This article presents the beginnings of cooperation Polish, Czechoslovakia and Hungary formed mainly within the Visegrad Triangle, included the difficulties that were to be overcome. It shows all steps in the development of regional relations and the way to democracy and a market economy. The complexity and spontaneity of this process is an important example of informal, and effective cooperation between countries, which has been going for over two decades.

  • PPSY Seminar "Security in Central Europe" (April 24, 2018)

    The Polish Political Science Yearbook invites all scholars, researchers and professionals to participate in the 7th PPSY International Seminar "Security in Central Europe: Confronting Uncertainty?" which takes place in Toruń (Poland) on April 24, 2018. The conference supports a special section of the current Volume 47 of 2018 of the journal and its objective is to discuss challenges of security and stability in Central Europe and to present current advancements in regional security studies.

    Deadline for application: April 6, 2018, with the Online Form.

    Join us on the Facebook: PPSY Seminar "Security in Central Europe"

  • PPSY Seminar "Public Policy, Sustainability and Good Governance" (May 8, 2018)

    The Polish Political Science Yearbook invites all scholars, researchers and professionals to participate in the 8th PPSY International Seminar "Public Policy, Sustainability & Good Governance" which takes place in Toruń (Poland) on May 8, 2018. A conference is an associated event of the 2018 International Asian Congress and it supports a special section of the current Volume 47 of 2018 of the journal, and its objective is to discuss challenges of good governance and sustainability in Central Europe and the European Union and to present current advancements in studies on public policy.

    Deadline for application: April 22, 2018, with the Online Form.

    Join us on the Facebook: PPSY Seminar "Public Policy, Sustainability & Good Governance"

  • Provoking Debate on Central European Security

    Author: Wojciech Michnik
    E-mail: wmichnik@gmail.com
    Institution: American University in the Emirates (UAE)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 123–125
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018109
    PDF: ppsy/47-1/ppsy2018109.pdf

    The seminar focused on the Security Challenges in Central Europe organised by PPSY was held in Toruń on February 21, 2017. The leading topic of this event could not have been apter as the last years in the region brought back serious questions about stability and security of the region. From the domestic challenges – like the rise of populist movements; to more resurgent foreign policy of Russian Federation; instability of so-called Eastern flank; through the questions about coherence of both NATO and the European Union – Central European states found themselves in a situation unprecedented since the end of the Cold War. It can be even argued that Central Europe come to strategic crossroads that would determine future of the regions and its countries in particular.

  • The Socio-Cultural Dimension of the European Union’s Eastern Partnership: Contingencies and Prospects

    Author: Tomasz Stępniewski
    Institution: The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 163–172
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.52.09
    PDF: apsp/52/apsp5209.pdf

    The aim of the paper is an attempt at evaluating the Eastern Partnership from the point of view of the socio-cultural dimension in a broad sense. Do cultural and civilisational factors influence relations between the EU and Eastern European and South Caucasus countries? Is the EU capable of further enlargement? The Eastern Partnership is experiencing significant turmoil (Russia-Ukraine war, unstable South Caucasus) which begs the question of the future of the policy. Moreover, the paper tackles the issue of the EU’s internal factors and their influence upon relations with Eastern countries.

  • Centralne funkcje grodów w społeczeństwach wczesnośredniowiecznych

    Author: Przemysław Urbańczyk
    E-mail: uprzemek@iaepan.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-29
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso190201
    PDF: hso/21/hso2101.pdf

    Early medieval strongholds had various functions – e.g. symbolic, geopolitical, political-administrative and administrative-fiscal. Great majority were built after the mid 9th century. In the 2nd quarter of the 10th c. a network of strongholds indicates the nascent Piast state.

  • Tożsamość – religia – miasto. Konteksty obecności tożsamości religijnej w lokalnej przestrzeni życia publicznego w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej1

    Author: Emilia Moddelmog-Anweiler
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 38-54
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2015.02
    PDF: em/4/em402.pdf

    Tożsamość religijna w społeczeństwach Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej ulega aktualnie silnym przemianom związanym zarówno z konsekwencjami transformacji systemowej, zmianami kulturowymi, jak i przemianami wewnątrz Kościołów. W nowych demokratycznych warunkach w państwach takich jak Polska, Słowacja i Ukraina tożsamość religijna staje się także jedną z tożsamości zbiorowych manifestowanych w sferze publicznej i istotnych nie tylko w kontekście dyskursu publicznego, ale także w kontekstach lokalnych, tj. tożsamości lokalnej i tożsamości miejsca. Autorka przedstawia w artykule refleksje dotyczące znaczeń religijnej tożsamości zbiorowej w lokalnej przestrzeni publicznej. Są to spostrzeżenia wyłaniające się z prowadzonych badań jakościowych. Zarysowują się tutaj trzy istotne konteksty znaczeń tożsamości religijnej w lokalnej przestrzeni życia publicznego: 1) specyfika roli religijności i religii w życiu publicznym w tej części Europy, 2) kulturowe i instytucjonalne znaczenia identyfikacji religijnej w odniesieniu do tożsamości lokalnej i tożsamości miejsca, 3) problematyka narracji wokół wieloreligijnego dziedzictwa sakralnego w społecznościach lokalnych, która wprowadza nowy sposób percepcji religijnej tożsamości jako kulturowego zasobu związanego z miejscem i pamięcią.

  • Współczesne zagrożenia terrorystyczne w Republice Czeskiej

    Author: Aleksander Ksawery Olech
    E-mail: akolech@wp.pl
    Institution: Akademia Sztuki Wojennej
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000–0002–3793–5913
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 102-127
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202504
    PDF: npw/25/npw2504.pdf

    Contemporary terrorist threats in the Czech Republic

    Terrorism has been evolving and taking different forms since the beginning of the XXI century. It is closely related to the geopolitical situation in the world. The development of research of safety indicates evidently that terrorism currently constitutes one of the biggest threats to the security of countries. That is why the analysis of terrorist threats in Central European countries, including the Czech Republic, seems to be indispensable. It is the Western European countries that are struggling today with intrastate terrorism whose effects lead to destabilization of national integrity and jeopardise social security. This situation is also important for neighbouring countries and international organisations to which they belong, such as the European Union or NATO. Data collected between 2014 and 2019 shows that the Czech Republic has improved its terrorist threat combating system and it is constantly reducing the impact of threats on the situation in the country. Terrorism as a phenomenon, and at the same time a kind of weapon for the increasing number of its proponents, needs to be acknowledged immediately. Its complexity imposes determining ways of countervailing it in the future. The presented analysis is a sort of study on cases in the context of threats with the characteristic of terrorism in the Czech Republic.

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