Chile

  • Sites of Memory in the Public Space of Chile and Georgia: the Transition and Pre–Transition Period

    Author: Anna Ratke-Majewska
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
    Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 99-116
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2016008
    PDF: ppsy/45/2016008.pdf

    By undertaking discussion on the aspect of special forms of commemoration, we may obtain a lot of useful information about the remembrance policy of a given country. That is why the analysis of the issue of the sites of memory seems to be of key importance for understanding problems related to the state’s interpretation of the past from the perspective of an authoritarian regime, political transition and democracy. The aim of this paper is to address one of the elements of a broader issue, i.e. the study of the politics of memory. This element focuses on the presentation of the most significant sites of memory in two countries with the experience of authoritarianism – Chile and Georgia – emphasizing changes which took place in the sphere of commemoration from the beginning of democratic transformation to the moment of achieving full democracy. By describing these places we are showing the main directions and framework assumptions of the remembrance policies of Chile and Georgia, reflected in the form of spatial and visual objects of the “living history”. 

  • „My, Lud Chile”. Procedura uchwalenia nowej konstytucji Republiki Chile

    Author: Piotr Uziębło
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2473-9240
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 149-161
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2022.02.12
    PDF: ppk/66/ppk6612.pdf

    “We the People of Chile” Procedure for the Adoption of the New Constitution of the Republic of Chile

    In this article, the author analyzes the process of adopting the new Chilean constitution. The adoption of changes in the sphere of the system, which allowed the establishment of the constitutional convention, was an expression of a compromise between the authorities and participants of social protests in 2019.The new basic law is to replace an act, the democratic nature of which is questionable, dating back to the dictatorship of A. Pinochet. Importantly, a significant role of the collective subject of sovereignty in the constitutional process was envisaged. In a referendum, it is the people who decide not only about the need to adopt the constitution, but also about the manner of its procedure and its final approval. It is worth noting the appreciation of the role of indigenous peoples in the legislative process, as well as pro-equality mechanisms. However, the final assessment of the effectiveness of the adopted procedure will be possible only after the entire process is completed and the Constitution of the Republic of Chile enters into force.

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