Chorągiew Rzeczypospolitej

  • Zapomniany symbol. Zmiany statusu prawnego Chorągwi Rzeczypospolitej

    Author: Radosław Grabowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2012
    Source: Show
    Pages: 61-72
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/11/ppk1103.pdf

    The Banner of the Republic of Poland established in August 1919 was asignated to the Chief of State and afterwards to the President of the Republic of Poland. It was also used during momentous state ceremonies. The Banner of the Republic of Poland established on the 27th December 1927 was used ex¬clusively by the President of the Republic of Poland – with the exception of the funeral of Józef Piłsudski when it covered the marshal’s coffin. The banner was taken away to London in 1939 by President Ignacy Mościcki. It was used by the emigre presidents between 1945 and 1990. It was conveyed to President Lech Wałęsa on the 22nd December 1990 by the last emigre president, Ryszard Kaczorowski. Under the communist regime in Poland the flag of the head of the state was used. It was a banner based on the banner of 1927, though without a crown on ea¬gle’s head. It was introduced without any legal regulations. During President Bolesław Bierut’s term of Office it flew over his headquarter. It was officially abolished in 1955, though later on it was used by the prime minister and by the president of the State Council in the 60’s. In post-communist Poland a new flag was established, the present pattern of the coat of arms is consistent with that of 1989, though the crown was returned to the eagle’s head. Similar alterations affected the military flags and other special flags. One of the special flags is the Pennant of the President of the Republic of Poland, the pattern of which was defined in January 1996.

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