Cold War

  • Book review: Stephen Tanner, “The Wars of the Bushes. A Father and Son as Military Leaders”, Wydawnictwo Dolnośląskie, Wrocław 2007, pp. 280

    Author: Michał Gałan
    Year of publication: 2009
    Source: Show
    Pages: 254-257
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2009021
    PDF: ppsy/38/ppsy2009021.pdf

    The discussed book by Stephen Tanner is not the author’s debut. He has been analyzing various issues of military history for a long time. He is the author of works on the great retreats of armies during various periods of history, the fortunes of American airmen operating in Switzerland during World War II and the history of Afghanistan. Tanner’s book can be considered as the author’s personal opinion on the military policy of the United States a! er the Cold War.

  • The U.S. Supreme Court and the Cold War: Fear V. Security. The Times of Vinson Court and Warren Court

    Author: Pawel Laidler
    Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków
    Year of publication: 2007
    Source: Show
    Pages: 159-173
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2007010
    PDF: ppsy/36/ppsy2007010.pdf

    The main field of my study concerns the role of the Supreme Court in American legal and political system. My research frequently focuses on the case law, especially on some of the most important cases in the Court’s history, and on their in#uence on the whole of political, economic, and social relations of the country. I personally believe that American federal judges – among whom the most in#uential are the Justices of the Supreme Court – have gained more power than the Framers of the Constitution agreed to give them. Such situation occurred mostly because of the creation of the power of judicial review by the Supreme Court, which allowed the judiciary to determine the contitutionality of acts created by the other branches of government.

  • INTERCONTINENTAL BALLISTIC MISSILE - ICBM - A SYMBOL OF “COLD WAR”?

    Author: Karol Kościelniak
    E-mail: kkos@amu.edu.pl
    Institution: University in Poznań
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 20-29
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: rop/2015/rop201502.pdf

    World War II marked the beginning of the forty-five years long period of tense peace, described as the Cold War. Two superpowers that emerged from World War II started to compete for hegemony over the world, representing two diametrically different political and economic systems. In any other historical period, such situation would lead to an inevitable great war, but after 1945 the competition was threatened by the possibility of using nuclear weapon whose capability of destruction was so enormous that neither of parties ventured direct confrontation. World War II contributed to scientific advancement that played a crucial role in the military progress of these states. The development of technologies assisting nuclear weapon resulted in a revolutionary change in military capability provided by the parties of the conflict. Rocket projectiles were the symbol of the 20th century, due to the fact that they carried humans into space, but also because they carried deadly weapon capable of killing hundreds thousands people. This combination of nuclear weapon with medium-range and intercontinental missiles caused that the world had to face permanent threat.

  • A HISTORIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW OF STUDIES ON SINO-INDONESIAN RELATIONS DURING THE EARLY STAGES OF THE COLD WAR, 1949-1967

    Author: Richard Mason
    Institution: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
    Author: Gao Yanjie
    Institution: Xiamen University
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 183-209
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: rop/2014/rop201411.pdf

    The Sino-Indonesian relationship is an important research topic in Cold War studies. Since the 1960s, a number of scholarly works have been published on the subject. The declassification of diplomatic documents in various countries, and particularly the opening of the Chinese Foreign Ministry Archives following the end of the Cold War, has led to new developments in the studies on Sino-Indonesian relations. Much of this research, however, has been focused on the period from 1949 to 1965, because soon after the Indonesian military coup of September 1965, Sino-Indonesian diplomatic relations was suspended and was not restored until 1990. This article is a historiographical overview of the more controversial topics in Sino-Indonesian relations between 1949 through 1965 in scholarly publications that have came out over the past half decade. These topics include, among others, the establishment and evolution of Sino-Indonesian diplomatic relations; the standpoint of the Indonesian Communist Party (Partai Komunis Indonesia –PKI) toward the Sino-Soviet split; China’s reactions to the anti-Chinese movements that occurred in Indonesia between 1959 through 1961; and the cultural relations between Indonesia and China. The discussion here is limited to publications in the English and Chinese languages; this paper does not make any attempt to include relevant scholarly works that may have been published in Bahasa Indonesia or other languages.

  • Rola PRL w Międzynarodowej Komisji Nadzoru i Kontroli w Wietnamie

    Author: Konrad Kieć
    E-mail: kieckonrad@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4921-6382
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 86-106
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20192006
    PDF: npw/20/npw2006.pdf

    The role of PPR in International Control Commisson in Vietnam

    In July 1954 by virtue of Geneva Accords International Control Commission was established. This control body functioned in three countries: Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. Delegations from Poland, Canada and India participated in the works of ICC in Vietnam. Its main task was supervising compliance with the bequest about Vietnam, which were enunciated in Geneva Accords.
    PPR delegation in ICC in Vietnam functioned according to guidelines created in Moscow. The process started in May 1955. On 25th of May that year Ministry of Foreign Affairs PPR Stanisław Skrzeszewski held a conversation with ambassador of the USSR in Warsaw Pantelejmon Ponomarenka. Diplomatic representative of the USSR passed on „request” from Wiaczesław Mołotow for the PPR’s delegation in ICC in Vietnam to hand over information about development communist’s guerrillas acted in South Vietnam. PPR also tried supporting North Vietnam on the ICC forum through accusing South Vietnam for non-compliance with resolutions of Geneva Agreements. PPR’s delegates based their accusations on 14c article of Geneva Agreements. Additionally they tried to prove that Republic of Vietnam belonged to SEATO and actions of US military mission MAAG, TREM was contrary to Geneva Agreements.
    Moreover, PPR defended NVN against allegations formulated by South Vietnam. Those were mainly cases related with leading espionage and subversive activity in South. An important activity of the PPR delegation in ICC was slowing down the works of commission when it was about to make some decisions that were unfavorable for the North Vietnam.
    PPR played a role designated by the USSR in ICC, its activity was quite monotonous and the subsequent ministers of foreign affairs of PPR fulfilled it in unchanged form.

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