• El ritual fotográfico: fotografía y naturaleza en Colombia alrededor de 1900

    Author: Carlos Rojas Cocoma
    Institution: Bern Universität
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 17-41
    DOI Address:
    PDF: sal/11/sal1101.pdf

    The photographic ritual: photography and nature in Colombia around 1900

    Photographs of nature in Colombia around 1900 were to a large extent the first images that were taken of regions and populations. Therefore, despite the difficulty of being interpreted as documents, they allow us to understand ways of looking and analyzing, positioning and conditioning the landscapes represented. Based on intensive research in various public and private archives, is presented an analysis of the connections between landscape, nature and photography in Colombia. Through a semiological analysis, I seek to understand the way in which nature, an invisible element devoid of temporality, found its meaning and its own stylistic identity through photography.

  • Bottom-up peace-building: Local engagement in resolving conflicts

    Author: Zuzanna Samson
    Institution: Uniwersytet w Leiden
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 25-54
    DOI Address:
    PDF: siip/17/siip1702.pdf

    The article discusses how local engagement can contribute to preventing or ceasing ongoing conflicts. By the comparative analysis of three case studies – Somaliland, the Idjwi island in eastern Congo and Colombia, the author examines what methods do the local inhabitants use in order to successfully maintain peace and build a coherent society. The research on a bottom-up approach may supplement the strategies implemented by the international organisations of peace-building or peace-keeping missions, which usually neglect the engagement of local society and thus do not ensure sustainable peace.

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