common security and defence policy

  • The Common Security and Defence Policy of the European Union – in the context of ‘hybrid warfare’, ‘networks’, ‘swarming’ and ‘consolidated hybrid defence

    Author: Benon Zbigniew Szałek
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 125-140
    DOI Address:
    PDF: rop/2017/rop201708.pdf

    The aim of this paper is to present some praxiological remarks on the so-called Common Security and Defence Policy (earlier: The European Security and Defence Policy) of the European Union in the light of such terms as ‘hybrid warfare’, ‘networks’, ‘swarming’. The paper emphasizes the problem of consolidated hybrid security and defense.

  • Common Security and Defence Policy of the European Union in Theories of the European Integration

    Author: Luiza Wojnicz
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 316-335
    DOI Address:
    PDF: rop/2013/rop201319.pdf

      The purpose of this article is synthetic analysis of the theories concerning the Security and Defence Policy of the European Union. Author analyses neorealist and neofunctionalist theories and marginally takes into account theory of liberal intergovernmentalism and new institutionalism theory
      Neorealists argued that in order to understand CSDP, one should look at the changing nature of the balance of power and the way in which member states sought profits coming from the negotiation process, which took place between European Union and NATO. Liberal intergovernmetalists, including Andrew Moravcsik, assumed that CSDP is a factor created and driven by the domestic policy of member states, although both NATO and EU institutions influenced this process. Neofunctionalists’ hypothesis assumed that CSDP is a result of the spill-over effect – consequence of the economic integration. They demonstrated, through economic analysis, the impact of economic and monetary union on the process of development of the European security and defence policy. In neoinstitutionalist theory, the emergence of the CSDP is explained by highlighting the impact of international institutions in the foreign policy of the EU and NATO member states.
      Above hypotheses have the objective of finding the causes of the CSDP’s emergence, but are also an attempt to answer the question what is the CSDP. Exitisting theories do not adress the whole issue comprehensively, because they are missing implication of links between supranational, transnational and intergovernmental dimension of CSDP, indicating only the conceptualization of evolution and the role of the various bodies at different levels, particularly in the theories of neoliberalism, neoinstitutionalism and intergovernmental liberalism.

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