• Historia agroturystyki i aspekty zarządzania usługami agroturystycznymi w powiecie limanowskim

    Author: Arkadiusz Niedziółka
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 122-135
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ksm/18/ksm201309.pdf

    In the article institutions like agritourism associations and local authorities which take part in the process of agritourism services management in Lima­nowa County were presented. These institutions manages different matters like promotion and widely understood marketing. To aim it in the period Fe­bruary-March this year questionnaire researches were carried out in all ten rural communities in the county. In March this year questionnaire researches were carried out with the chambers of “The Agritourism Association of the Limanowa County” and “The Association of Tourism and Agritourism of Mo­untainous Regions”. Besides, history of agritourism development in this part of Malopolska Voivodeship was presented. It was made on the basis of data from the Tourism Institute in Warsaw and from results of researches carried out by the author of this article.

  • Financial autonomy of the commune in Poland – assumptions and results

    Author: Jacek Zaleśny
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 105-124
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/28/ppk2806.pdf

    The present analysis is devoted to the financial autonomy of communes and the ways of understanding it. The author analyzes the legal, jurisdictional and actual determinants of the commune’s financial independence and points to the consequences following from them. The author poses a hypothesis that the constitutional value in the form of the financial autonomy of communes is not full realized by the parliament in contemporary Poland, with the Constitutional Tribunal underestimating it. The increase in the revenues of communes is not adequate to the duties assigned to them by the parliament. The consequences of the ongoing process include an increased debt of the communes and their problems with realization of the needs of local communities, the latter being the goal whose realization was the reason to have established the local self-government.

  • Polska gmina a międzynarodowe standardy samorządności terytorialnej (25 lat w zarysie)

    Author: Katarzyna Kobielska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 119-132
    DOI Address:
    PDF: apsp/47/apsp4707.pdf


    The article presents the lowest level of local government – a commune – against the background of international local government standards formulated by such organizations as the Council of Europe, UNDP, OECD, the World Bank, the European Union. Firstly, the evolution of these standards is presented – starting from European Charter of Local Self-Government, through European Charter of Local Self-Government, ending with The Strategy for Innovation and Good Governance at Local Level and European Governance. Then, the range of implementation of these principles in Polish local government is analyzed. It can be determined that external influence in the form of international standards has been one of the key factors shaping the Polish self-government in the last 25 years.

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