communism

  • Twenty Years After Communism: The Methodological Review

    Author: Andrzej Paweł Śledź
    E-mail: andrzej.sledz.16@ucl.ac.uk
    Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 289-297
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017220
    PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017220.pdf

    The paper is a methodological review essay of Michael Bernhard and Jan Kubik’s comparative study of politics of memory and commemoration in seventeen Central and Eastern European states twenty years after the fall of state socialism. The goal of the essay is to critically examine Bernhard and Kubik’s volume, with a particular focus on the comparative methods they applied to explain how some political and cultural factors at the time of the collapse of communism affected a memory regime in the post-communist democracies. This analysis critically examines four aspects of the study, being: the central theoretical assumptions and contribution in comparative and memory politics; case selection; methodology and data analysis; main findings. Each part includes a summary of the particular aspect of the book, the main strengths and weaknesses, and possible improvements. The review essay emphasis is particularly novel and innovative comparative methodology in studying politics of memory and its universality, suggesting, however, severe problems with a lack of clear and consistent discourse analysis methodology which could affect the quality of final results.

    Review Essay: Michael Bernhard & Jan Kubik (Eds.), Twenty Years after Communism: The Politics of Memory and Commemoration. New York: Oxford University Press 2014 (pp. 384). ISBN 9780199375134. Price: £79.00.

  • Sprawa katyńska w podręcznikach polskich i rosyjskich na przełomie XX i XXI wieku

    Author: Henryk Składanowski
    E-mail: henrysklad@wp.pl
    Institution: Toruńska Wyższa Szkoła Przedsiębiorczości, Poland
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 171-187
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016211
    PDF: npw/11/npw2016211.pdf

    Katyn crime, also known as the Katyn massacre, was one of those historical facts that were kept secret for a very long time. From 1943 when it was revealed to 1990 the soviet Union denied their responsibility for the massacre. Eventually, publishing the original documents on the order of Borys Jecyn and handing tchem down to Poland on 14 October 1992 definitely confirmed the perpetrators of the crime. In the historic consciousness of both Polish and Russian societies there are still many questions and doubts about “the background of the picture” of Katyn crime. Therefore I found it very sensible to analyze the problem of Katyn crime in various history course books in Poland and Russia.

    After the collapse of the communist political system both countries Poland and Russia introduced new history course books in all types of schools. The new course books not only mention the problem of Katyn crime but also say who was responsible for it. However, the Russians try to neutralize the crime by so called anti-Katyn, emphasizing the death of several thousands of Soviet soldiers imprisoned in Poland in the war of 1920 and after it.

  • Problem katyński w podręcznikach polskich i sowieckich w XX wieku

    Author: Henryk Składanowski
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 153-171
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016108
    PDF: npw/10/npw2016108.pdf

    Katyn crime, also known as the Katyn massacre, committed on the orders of the authority of the Soviet country, then treated as classified information, finally totally denied, was one of those historical facts that were kept secret for a very long time. From 1943 when it was revealed to 1990 the soviet Union denied their responsibility for the massacre. It changed on 13 April 1990 when the government agency TASS released the official statement confirming the soviet commission of the crime. Therefore I found it very sensible to analyze the problem of Katyn crime in various history course books in Poland and Russia, formerly The Soviet Union.

    In the communist times in Poland the authors of history course books generally omitted the problem although surprisingly it appeared in so called Stalin times and in the eighties when Poland was governed by general Wojciech Jaruzelski.

    It looked similar in the Soviet Union. The situation changed at the end of Michail Gorbaczow pierestojka and glasnost period when the students of the 11th grade were informed in their history course books about the death of Polish officers in Katyn in 1940.

  • Jak być polskim Żydem i zwolennikiem syjonizmu rewizjonistycznego po 1939 r? Rzecz o losach Jakuba Perelmana

    Author: mgr Dominik Flisiak
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 355-373
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201717
    PDF: siip/16/siip1617.pdf

    How to be a Polish Jew and supporter of Zionism-revisionist after 1939? The thing about Jakub Perelman’s fate

    Jakub Perelman, the author of memoirs, was born on 20 December 1902 in Warsaw. He was politically linked to the Zionist revisionists. This movement was created after the First World War thanks to the activity of Vladimir Jabotinsky. He was a poet, a soldier and a politician. Perelman’s memoirs concern his political activity, Polish-Jewish relations during the Second Polish Republic, events from the Second World War, and his views on life in People’s Poland. The last fragment of the memoir is related to Israel, where Perelman was in the early 1960s.

  • Nurty myśli politycznego marginesu. Sprzeczności i niedopowiedzenia

    Author: Paweł Malendowicz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-26
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201601
    PDF: siip/15/siip1501.pdf

    The insignificant trends of political thought. Contradictions and understatements

    The main issue of this article are the insignificant trends of political thought and their contradictions and understatements. The article describes the following trends of political thought: anarchism, communism, nationalism, monarchism, transhumanism, primitivism, ruralism and also National anarchism, National Bolshevism and Slavophilism. These trends of political thought are characterized by internal contradictions and opposition to democracy.

  • Kooperacja w sporcie wyczynowym w krajach bloku wschodniego na przykładzie kontaktów polsko-rumuńskich (1948-1953)

    Author: Tomasz Sikorski
    E-mail: t.sikorski@poczta.fm
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3090-0793
    Author: Urszula Kozłowska
    E-mail: urszula.kozlowska@usz.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5444-5847
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 72-89
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso190404
    PDF: hso/23/hso2304.pdf

    The authors of the article carried out an analysis of sports contacts between Poland and Romania in the time of Stalinism by taking into account the ideological and organisational changes in both countries’ sport as well as sport rivalry. Of importance was also presenting the implementation of the Soviet model of physical culture in Poland and Romania coupled with difficulties and barriers to sports cooperation between Poland and Romania.

  • Memoriał Ofi ar Komunizmu w Tallinie. Symbolika miejsca pamięci

    Author: Marcin Zaborski
    Institution: Uniwersytet SWPS
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 87-100
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.66.06
    PDF: apsp/66/apsp6606.pdf

    Autor przedstawia genezę i analizuje symbolikę Memoriału Ofiar Komunizmu w Tallinie. Skupia się na założeniach koncepcyjnych przyjętych przez jego autorów, ale też bierze pod uwagę dokonywane później interpretacje przesłania monumentu. Przywołuje wydarzenia, do których odnosi się to miejsce pamięci. Opisuje okres sowieckiej okupacji Estonii i przedstawia bilans dokonywanych w tamtym czasie represji - masowych aresztowań, potajemnych egzekucji, deportacji ludności i brutalnej kolektywizacji rolnictwa. Tak zarysowany kontekst historyczny pozwala lepiej zrozumieć znaczenie opisywanego pomnika i jego miejsce na mapie pamięci współczesnej Estonii. Autor zwraca jednocześnie uwagę, że talliński pomnik stanowi istotny element nie tylko estońskiej, ale też - szerzej - europejskiej pamięci o ofiarach stalinizmu i komunizmu.

  • Program, Strategy and Tactics of Communist Movement in Contemporary Epoche

    Author: Zbigniew Wiktor
    E-mail: z.wiktor@gazeta.pl
    Institution: University of Wrocław
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 83-95
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020105
    PDF: rop/11/rop1105.pdf

    The aim of this article is to analyse Communist Party of Poland as the party of Polish proletariat, working class that represents also the interests of other Polish working peoples. Emphasis is placed The strategy of CPP is like other communist parties, socialist revolution, socialism and in the further time communism. The CPP is based in its struggle on the theory of Marxism-Leninism and the progressive tradition of the building of socialism in former People’s Republic Poland.

  • On the issue of international unity and synergy of the communist movement

    Author: Zbigniew Wiktor
    E-mail: z.wiktor@gazeta.pl
    Institution: Universoty of Wrocław
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 125-136
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020209
    PDF: rop/12/rop1209.pdf

    The subject of the analysis is the development of program and organizational changes in recent decades in Communist Party of China. In particular, the international context and potential opportunities for international cooperation of communist parties and the creation of a new global organization are considered. The publication also considers the historical background of the functioning of the Communist International. It is stated that Communist Party of China possess own independent way of building of socialism. Article main conclusion is that international communist movement should change its relations with the Communist Party of China and cooperate together.

  • Jan Stachniuk (1905–1963) – Neo-Pagan and National Bolshevik

    Author: Jarosław Tomasiewicz
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9750-5256
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 157-175
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/pbs.2020.07
    PDF: pbs/8/pbs807.pdf

    Jan Stachniuk (1905–1963) was genuine Polish philosopher and political activist. Stachniuk started his activity in ranks of the left-wing Piłsudskite youth movement but during 1930s he became an ideologue of the anti-Catholic ultra-nationalist far right group called Zadruga. Under Nazi occupation of Poland Zadruga movement was absorbed into left-nationalist Stronnictwo Zrywu Narodowego and after the World War II Stachniuk unsuccessfully tried to collaborate with new communist regime. His ideology was synthesis of pantheist neopaganism, extreme pan-Slavic nationalism and totalitarian (quasi-Stalinist) version of socialism but his last – and most mature – works proclaimed universalist ideal of human creativity.

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