comparative study

  • The Parties Empowered to Lodge a Constitutional Complaint in Poland and in Selected European Countries – Legal–comparative Study

    Author: Bogumił Szmulik
    Institution: UKSW (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2005
    Source: Show
    Pages: 31-43
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2005003
    PDF: ppsy/34/ppsy2005003.pdf

    The parties empowered to lodge a constitutional complaint under the Polish model are defined in Article 79(1) of the Polish Constitution, stating that: “Everyone whose constitutional freedoms or rights have been infringed, shall have the right to appeal to the Constitutional Tribunal (...). The above quoted article is considered to have the fundamental significance in the process of identification of the parties entitled to lodge a constitutional complaint, so in other words, provides a clear answer to the question who can effectively lodge such a complaint in order for the adequate proceedings to be officially opened (however – which is explainedin detail in this article – having fulfilled certain specifi ed objective conditions).

  • Supporting the Learning of Polish and Czech Students by Digital Tools

    Author: Milan Chmura
    Author: Josef Malach
    Author: Anna Szafrańska
    Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 193-205
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.16
    PDF: tner/201801/tner20180116.pdf

    The article presents the results of exploring the purposes of using digital tools to support student learning at universities. This comprises some identified types of digital tools and the frequency of their use by academic staff, which varies due to their level of digital literacy. Then the collected data is provided concerning the numbers of academic staff using basic electronic communication methods. The above data were collected in Polish and Czech universities and later compared to each other. The presented study was conducted over the period 2015–2016 within the IRNet project – International research network for study and development of new tools and methods for advanced pedagogical science in the field of ICT instruments, e-learning and intercultural competences in Poland (University of Silesia, Faculty of Ethnology and Educational Science in Cieszyn) and the Czech Republic (University of Ostrava, Pedagogical Faculty). The undertaken research was aimed at recognizing academic teachers’ activities concerning their support in university students’ learning process.

  • Identity Behaviours of Australian and European Communities of Schools with Polish as the Teaching Language – a Comparative Study

    Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
    E-mail: eom1@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 29-40
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.02
    PDF: tner/201804/tner5402.pdf

    The study comprises the presentation of an authorial approach to cultural identity, viewed from the perspective of the communities (consisting of children, parents and teachers) of schools with Polish as the teaching language in Australia and some selected European countries (Austria, France, the Czech Republic). In reference to the culturalistic model of identity, the characteristics of the most frequent identity behaviours of these communities were provided in the ethnic, national, integrative and mixed dimension. The author also indicates the contemporary contexts of identity shaping, which are determined by migration processes and multiculturalism. By formulating the most important conclusions resulting from the research, the need is indicated for implementing intercultural education in schools with Polish as the teaching language. Among other things, this will enhance the shaping of a multidimensional feeling of identity.

  • The Social and Cultural Tendencies in the Environment of Contemporary Youth. A Polish-Ukrainian Comparative Study of the Structure of Axiological Reality

    Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
    E-mail: eom1@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Author: Petro Saukh
    E-mail: ukr_fi losof@ukr.net
    Institution: National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 63-74
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.19.57.3.05
    PDF: tner/201903/tner5705.pdf

    The theoretical and methodological framework of the undertaken issue is indicated by basic notional categories - culture, value and valuing orientations. While analyzing the philosophical and educational context, assumptions of social and cultural anthropology were applied (with a special focus on its anthropocentric-cultural current), (phenomenologically orientated) axiology and cognitive psychology (with the use of its cognitive-developmental theories). Assumption was also made concerning the exploration of youth’s image of the axiological world and the valuing orientations manifested by them, that make it possible to learn the way(s) rooted in culture and experience, in which learners understand themselves, Others and the world.

  • Społeczne „zakotwiczanie” przejawiane przez młodych uczących się na pograniczu polsko-czeskim: poczucie spójności, odrębności i ciągłości

    Author: Ewa Ogrodzka-Mazur
    E-mail: eom1@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9990-6176
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-33
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.01
    PDF: kie/131/kie13101.pdf

    In the pedagogical analysis of the undertaken issues, some theoretical and methodological conceptualizations have been applied that refer to: Ward H. Goodenough’s axiological concept of culture as a set of values, Paweł Boski’s theory of the cultural identity based on values and practices in bior multicultural socialization, Tadeusz Lewowicki’s theory of identity behaviours, constructivist perspective and Harold J. Noah’s model of the comparison of academic education. The assumption was also made that the research into the feeling of association with selected social groups manifested by students from the PolishCzech borderland enables one to learn the way(s) in which students understand themselves, the others and the world – the way(s) anchored in their own experience and culture. The differences in the declared by students the feeling of association with selected social groups point to a visible tendency to the young generation’s identification with different communities – of their homeland, local, regional, or more broadly, European or supraEuropean ones. The construction of their own identity by university students means drifting apart from its homogenous dimension and getting closer to discovering the conscious choice of an enriched, multidimensional identity, which is most often determined by processes of the democratization of social life, which take place at various paces and in different scopes. Contrary to their Polish peers, the identity profile of Czech students has mostly a national dimension and is characterized by a clear preference for their own ethnic (national) group in regard to identity, language and social contacts.

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