COVID-19

  • Understanding social pathology of disease causation and socio-cultural factors of corona virus (COVID-19) in South-West, Nigeria

    Author: Sola Aluko-Arowolo
    Institution: Olabisi Onabanjo University
    Author: Olugbenga O. Ogunbote
    Institution: Olabisi Onabanjo University
    Author: Taiwo Edun
    Institution: Olabisi Onabanjo University
    Author: Akinola Olugbenga Olarenwaju
    Institution: Olabisi Onabanjo University
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-24
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2022101
    PDF: rop/19/rop1901.pdf

    The new SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) started in Wuhan City of China on December 31st 2019As at August 3,2020 a total of 18,056,310 million cases had been diagnosed globally with over 689,219 deaths with cases in Nigeria snowballing gradually becoming lethal. Given Nigeria’s socio-economic and demographic significance to African continent, it is imperative to understand the cultural norms that may aid or obstructs prevention and treatment of the disease in order to halt its transmission. Data for study came from the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and other publicly available data sources supported with PEN-3 cultural model developed in 1989 by Airhihenbuwa. The model places culture at the core of the development, implementation and evaluation of successful public health interventions. COVID-19 transmission increases with large population concentration in urban areas and proximity to major entry points to other adjacent states and countries. The paper suggested that dominant cultures, civilization and religious practices should be adhered to, adopted as the case may be for restrictions such physical distancing, hand hygiene, use of face masks and another prophylactic regimen to flatten the curve of the pandemic in Nigeria and likely occurrence of similar disease in future.

  • COVID-19 and security-development nexus : Vietnam’s perspectives

    Author: Chu Minh Thao
    Institution: Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 113-131
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2022107
    PDF: rop/19/rop1907.pdf

    Covid-19 is considered as an important factor that impacts largely on the security and development. Covid-19 has caused the shiftin the definition of the national security and significance of new emerging non-traditional security issues, for instance the health security, and human security. Accordingly, Covid-19 has had devastating effects on the poor and human development, due to the economic recession and diversion of resources to focus on coping with the virus, stressing the accomplishment of sustainable development goals. It is anticipated that the entanglement of security and development issues gives rise to more complex challenges to ensure the stability and progress of sustainable economic development. This context has raised a question of how countries, especially lower middle-income countries like Vietnam, could cope with arising challenges and opportunities in the new context. This research concludes that Vietnam, as a perfect case study, has strongly supported global and regional cooperation to reset development agenda to focus on quick economic recovery towards resilient, green inclusive, and sustainable development. Internally, Vietnam was successful in controlling the pandemic, and become one of few countries that achieved positive GDP growth in the region in 2020. The key to overcome these challenges remains with the Communist Party of Vietnam’s strong political leadership to control Covid-19, and to take advantages of development trends such as globalization, shifting of supply chain, digital economy, and green recovery and green growth.

  • A Polish-German Comparative Study of Support Information for First-Year University Students Faced with the COVID-19 Pandemic at Selected Universities

    Author: Hewilia Hetmańczyk
    E-mail: hewilia.hetmanczyk@us.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4362-0245
    Author: Dagmara Dobosz
    E-mail: dagmara.dobosz@us.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2230-3208
    Author: Marcin Gierczyk
    E-mail: marcin.gierczyk@us.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6734-2521
    Author: Jarosław Rychlik
    E-mail: jaroslaw.rychlik@swws.edu.pl
    Institution: Workshop of Law and Public Order, Warsaw
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1948-1882
    Author: David Rempel
    E-mail: david.rempel@iu.org
    Institution: IU Internationale Hochschule
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8512-0292
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 30-42
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.22.67.1.02
    PDF: tner/202201/tner6702.pdf

    The COVID-19 pandemic has leftits mark on higher education, including first-year university students. The transition to online education has been particularly challenging for the University of Silesia and, to a far lesser extent, the International University of Applied Sciences. This study examines the academic experiences of first-year students entering university in the academic year 2020/2021. This article presents the results of a comparative study conducted on a sample of N=185 students from the University of Silesia (Poland) and N=120 students from the University of Applied Sciences (Germany) using an online questionnaire. The research showed that German students ranked the investigated issues higher; this does not mean that the University of Silesia provides a lower level of support, but that the information strategy and support elements are different.

  • Forms of the Government Administration’s Impact on the Activities of Local Governments During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Author: Piotr Rączka
    E-mail: raczka@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1097-5712
    Author: Maciej Serowaniec
    E-mail: mserowaniec@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4693-7977
    Published online: 30 January 2021
    Final submission: 19 December 2021
    Printed issue: March 2022
    Source: Show
    Page no: 10
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202214
    PDF: ppsy/51/ppsy202214.pdf

    The primary burden of tackling the pandemic COVID-19 lies with the state as the entity responsible for protecting the health and life of its citizens. Hence, it can be argued that the focus of the pandemic-induced changes to the Polish legal order was on administrative law, which not only sets out the principles of the functioning of the State as the executive power but also governs the relations between the government, local government and citizens, which had to be significantly modified during the pandemic. It would be impossible to analyse and discuss all the emergency measures that appeared in Poland’s administrative law due to the threats posed by the pandemic. The subject matter of the present study is the analysis of the legal solutions adopted in the Republic of Poland in the sphere of public law in connection with the spread of the virus and particular provisions shaping relationships between the two basic structural branches of Polish public administration, viz. the government administration and the local-government administration. The following part of this study will accordingly be devoted to the analysis of the legislative solution contained in Article 11h of the COVID-19 Act, establishing a legal framework for issuing binding instructions to, among others, the various bodies of local governments, local-government legal persons and local-government organisational entities without legal personality.

  • Cities, Transnational Law, and COVID-19

    Author: Agnieszka Szpak
    E-mail: dianora@friend.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7601-1230
    Author: Joanna Modrzyńska
    E-mail: joanna.modrzynska@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5409-6787
    Published online: 2 November 2021
    Final submission: 24 October 2021
    Printed issue: 2021
    Source: Show
    Page no: 18
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202154
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202154.pdf

    This paper aims to point to the transition from international law to transnational law that, on the one hand, is caused, and on the other, is strengthened by the growing role of cities in the fight against COVID-19. Various interactions between cities and other international actors give rise to new trends and challenges on the international plane. One of such terms, transnational law, refers to developments beyond the nation-state and includes “all law which regulates actions or events that transcend national frontiers”. It is characterized by a plurality of overlapping normative systems and a growing role of new actors in the international arena, which are cities. The authors give examples of cities bypassing or complementing states with special emphasis on European cities (Polish including) as well as of cities’ transnational cooperation to fight COVID-19 pandemic, filling the gaps in inter-governmental multilateral cooperation.

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