crisis

  • The Crisis of Spain’s Political Elites – Systemic Factors or Mass Media Influence?

    Author: Agnieszka Kasińska–Metryka
    Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 155–163
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014009
    PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014009.pdf

    The subject of the discussion below refers to the political situation in present-day Spain in the context of a broad systemic crisis (economic, political, values, leadership, discourse etc.). Moreover, it covers the media’s impact on the administrating elite who are also subject to the crisis. Th e research questions concern the nature of the interactions among the trifecta of political actors, the media and public opinion. The fundamental question is to what extent the crisis of political elites is a result of systemic dysfunction (a so called de-democratisation of political life) or an eff ect of the media’s activities, which have disclosed and publicised some of the dysfunctions of the above elites. This article will attempt to verify the hypothesis of the aforementioned de-democratisation process in Spain, the extent of the media presence in political life, and the mediatisation of their politics.

  • Promocja miast i regionów – hiszpańskie doświadczenia, polskie możliwości. Między fuzją pomysłów a transfuzją środków

    Author: Agnieszka Kasińska-Metryka
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 166-174
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201413
    PDF: ksm/19/ksm201413.pdf

    Polish and Spanish way of democratisations seems to be similar; however, nowadays Spanish government has to face up to the economic crisis. The main idea of the article is to compare political systems, especially how the local government invests money in so-called tourist attractions. As well as being useless, many of those objects are too expensive to be maintained. It is worth mentioning that some Polish local governments try to implement Spanish ideas (so-called “Bilbao effect”) to their environment, which is not only risky, but also unsuccessful.

     

  • The Position of European Parliament on the Migrant Crisis in Europe

    Author: Artur Staszczyk
    Institution: Szczecin University
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 183-194
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201612
    PDF: rop/2016/rop201612.pdf

    The migrant crisis in Europe, which reached its zenith in 2015, made EU politicians realize the urgent need for a more effective migration policy that would rely more on supranational cooperation. Absence of this policy triggers migrant influx to Europe, in particular of unqualified labour force, and enhances illegal migration from which organized criminal groups profit enormously. Moreover, uncontrolled migration processes give rise to a number of social, economic, political and cultural problems all across the EU, and thus nurture the Eurosceptic mood. This leads to societal negation of the European integration project and provides fertile soil to the spread of radicalism and xenophobia. The aim of the study is to capture the position of European Parliament on recent migrant crisis. The Parliament, a democratically legitimate body, which claims the right to represent European societies, advocates adoption of systemic EU approach to migration which should be based on the respect of human rights and creation of legal migration pathways for refugees and workers needed by Europe. The solution of the present migrant crisis is sought by the EP in moving towards a common, comprehensive European immigration policy and enhanced solidarity of EU member states in response to increased influx of refugees from conflict zones.

  • Australia in the Time of Crisis: Multidisciplinary Determinants

    Author: Joanna Siekiera
    Institution: University of Bergen (Norway)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0125-9121
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 223-226
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020416
    PDF: ppsy/49-4/ppsy2020416.pdf

    The paper reports the conference on Australia, organized by the Polish research association based in Cracow (Australia, New Zealand and Oceania Research Association, ANZORA). The 2020 edition was already the 12th conference entitled Australia in the Time of Crisis: Climactic, Cultural, Economic, and Political Solutions. This year, the co-organizing unit was the University of Łódź, as every year, ANZORA promotes Pacific Studies at different Polish universities. The hosting faculty was the Faculty of International and Political Studies, with its Chair of British Studies and the Commonwealth Countries, as well as the “Australian Studies” Scientific Association. The panelists came from numerous disciplines and eight academic institutions from Poland and three from abroad. In total, there were 21 presenters: young scholars, experienced academics, independent researchers as well as enthusiasts of the Australian continent. Besides the University of Bergen in Norway, foreign speakers represented the Université de Bourgogne in France and the Australian Embassy in Poland. Three diplomatic missions have taken the honorary patronage over the event. Those were the Australian Embassy, the Embassy of New Zealand, and the Polish Embassy in Australia. The supporting institutions were the University of Bergen, the Polish Geopolitical Society, and the Academy of European Careers Foundation.

  • Działalność Unii Europejskiej przeciw pandemii COVID-19 na Ukrainie

    Author: Marta Labuda
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5327-9426
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-21
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212801
    PDF: npw/28/npw2801.pdf

    European Union Activity Against the COVID-19 Pandemic in Ukraine

    The article is an attempt to look at the activity of the European Union against the COVID19 pandemic in Ukraine. The purpose of the research is to demonstrate successes and failures of the EU’s activity in this area. The main research question posed in the article is: How did the EU’s activity affect the course of the pandemic in Ukraine? The main research hypothesis is statement that the EU’s activity has caused a significant mobilization in implementing reforms in Ukraine, but so far it has not resulted in a decrease in the number of COVID-19 cases in the country. The research has been based on a qualitative methodology, with the document analysis strategy. The research material consisted of primary acts of the EU’s institutions, government data of Ukraine and internet portals devoted to the issue. Research shows that the EU’s activity against the COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine has proved successful in terms of the need to finance actions to overcome the negative effects of it.

  • State Policy towards Labour Market Changes Caused by COVID-19

    Author: Magdalena Mikołajczyk
    Institution: Pedagogical University of Kraków
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 63-76
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2021.71.04
    PDF: apsp/71/apsp7104.pdf

    The aim of the paper is to present strategies for minimising negative effects of the crisis caused by COVID-19 by state authorities of non-European countries in the first months after the announcement of the pandemic. The focus is on employment and labour market policy instruments. The research is comparative in its nature and was conducted using the desk research and discourse analysis methods. The source/unit in the analysis were the rapid assessments of the employment impacts of COVID-19 submitted to the International Labour Organisation. The study did not cover European Union Member States. Among the instruments and countermeasures typical of employment and labour market policies, few innovative solutions were identified, tailored to local specifics and taking into account the effects of the pandemic – the ecological crisis and the emergence of technological unemployment. The results achieved implicate a number of further questions relevant for public policy research. Research shows that COVID-19 contributes to deepening of the polarisation of society and existing labour market policy instruments in countries will not be sufficient to stop social exclusion due to unemployment especially in countries with a predominantly informal economy. Meanwhile, a category of people has emerged, due to the suspension of business activities and internal migration, whose status is also “suspended” (liminal) between work and unemployment.

  • Rynek pracy w Polsce a pandemia COVID-19 jako wyzwanie dla polityki społecznej i jej polityk szczegółowych

    Author: Jacek Szkurłat
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego Kielce
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3645-5723
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 191-205
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202111
    PDF: cip/19/cip1911.pdf

    Pandemia COVID-19 jest czynnikiem, który może w znaczącym stopniu zmienić sytuację na rynku pracy w Polsce. Obecnie – choć poza sporem pozostaje to, że takie przekształcenia nastąpią – można jednakże mówić raczej o pewnych prognozach co do przewidywanych kierunków i stopnia możliwych modyfikacji w tym zakresie, a finalny ich stan będzie efektem tak czasu trwania swoistego „zawieszenia” działalności szeregu firm, ale i pracowników, jak i efektywności podejmowanych działań – zarówno w sferze medycznej, jak i ekonomicznej, czy społecznej. Przedstawiony artykuł jest jednym z głosów w dyskusji na wskazany temat, toczącej się w przestrzeni publicznej, której celem jest nie tylko wskazanie potencjalnych wektorów rozwoju rynku pracy w trakcie i po trwającej pandemii, ale także zidentyfikowanie jego głównych problemów. Bowiem to właśnie w okresach znacznego pogorszenia koniunktury ujawniają się nieprawidłowości i zaniedbania, które mogą mieć istotny wpływ na rynek pracy i jego uczestników.

  • Kryzys migracyjny na granicy polsko-białoruskiej i jego wpływ na bezpieczeństwo Polski

    Author: Andrzej Wawrzusiszyn
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7587-136X
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 45-65
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223303
    PDF: npw/33/npw3303.pdf

    The migration crisis on the Polish-Belarusian border and its influence on the safety of Poland

    Poland is under controlled migratory pressure on the border with Belarus. The influx of third-country nationals is supported by Belarusian state services. These activities are hybrid in their nature, and their aim is to destabilize the situation in Poland and the European Union. Although Poland has taken adequate measures to protect and defend its border, these events are a test of the effectiveness and efficiency of the functioning of the state security system. The purpose of this considerations is to present the events taking place on the PolishBelarusian border and their impact on the security of our state. In the methodological aspect, media and press reports, analysis of source materials and observation of the development of the situation were used. The result of the above is the fact that the migration crisis has not ended and continues to generate serious threats to Poland.

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