Cusco

  • La muerte simbólica. El cuadro con la representación de Silencio y Monja crucifi cada del Beaterio del Carmen de San Blas en Cusco

    Author: Ewa Kubiak
    Institution: Universidad de Łódź
    Author: Juan Gómez Huacso
    Institution: Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 95-126
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/sal201903
    PDF: sal/9/sal903.pdf

    Symbolic death. Painting presenting allegory of Silence and Crucified Nun from Beaterium of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in St. Blaise Parish in Cusco

    The article presents a painting which has never been reproduced or publicly displayed before. The work comes from the Beaterium of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in St. Blaise Parish in Cusco. It is a two-sided representation. The ob- verse side contains a figure of a nun in a Carmelite habit, who puts his hand to his mouth and orders silence, which is communicated not only by the gestu- re, but also by the inscription accompanying the representation. On the rever- se side we can see an image of a crucified nun. The painting used to function as a door leading to the novitiate, which could be established based on the archi- val photo. The article describes iconography of the work, as well as the sources for most of the inscriptions that accompany the images. The painting is presen- ted in a broader historical and cultural context of Cusco Beaterium functioning.

  • Colegios Jesuitas en Cusco: San Bernardo y San Francisco Borja. Arte y arquitectura a la luz de los inventarios de 1768

    Author: Ewa Kubiak
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2740-0632
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 43-78
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/sal202102
    PDF: sal/11/sal1102.pdf

    Jesuit colleges in Cusco: San Bernardo and San Francisco Borja. Art and architecture in the light of the inventories of 1768

    The most famous architectural complex associated with the Jesuit order in colonial Cusco, was the college and church of the Transfiguration, located in the main square of the city. Monks of the Society of Jesus focused on evangelisation and teaching, which led to creation of subsequent monastic foundations. There were two schools in Cusco: one of them was intended for descendants of conquistadors (Colegio de San Bernardo), and the other one for sons of Andean caciques (Colegio de San Francisco Borja). Each of them was located in its own architectural complex, and one of the necessary conceptual elements of the complexes was a chapel intended for students. There are quite a few sources and studies concerning the history of both schools, and the interior decoration of the chapels located at the colleges has been reconstructed on the basis of the preserved inventories, drawn up at the time of expulsion of Jesuits and takeover of their property. The author of the article concentrates on reconstruction of the decoration, showing it in the cultural and artistic context of the region.

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