democratic backslide

  • Czech and Hungarian Constitutional Order in the Light of Comparative Analysis of the Perception of Democracy and its Stagnation

    Author: Sebastian Kubas
    E-mail: sebastian.kubaas@us.edu.pl
    Institution: The University of Silesia in Katowice
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7609-4002
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 391-405
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.05.26
    PDF: ppk/51/ppk5126.pdf

    Contemporary democratization process challenges the trends of regress or stagnation in the world. The Central European Countries face this problem as well, yet they differ in the depth of changes. The article addresses the problems of quality of democracy regarded as a political regime and the values of constitutional order of the Czech Republic and Hungary. As post-communist, the two countries have been regarded as democratic leaders for a long time. But the Czech Republic has the same Constitution from the beginning of democratization process, while Hungary passed the new Constitution in 2011. The Czech constitutional order reflects liberal democratic rules and values both in axiological and institutional dimension. The Hungarian one mirrors conservative and illiberal axiological values. In the institutional dimension both constitutions seem to maintain specific democratic regime, but in Hungary the executive power is dominant. The methods used in the research were: analysis, synthesis, institutional approach and comparative method.

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