democratization,

  • Czech and Hungarian Constitutional Order in the Light of Comparative Analysis of the Perception of Democracy and its Stagnation

    Author: Sebastian Kubas
    E-mail: sebastian.kubaas@us.edu.pl
    Institution: The University of Silesia in Katowice
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7609-4002
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 391-405
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.05.26
    PDF: ppk/51/ppk5126.pdf

    Contemporary democratization process challenges the trends of regress or stagnation in the world. The Central European Countries face this problem as well, yet they differ in the depth of changes. The article addresses the problems of quality of democracy regarded as a political regime and the values of constitutional order of the Czech Republic and Hungary. As post-communist, the two countries have been regarded as democratic leaders for a long time. But the Czech Republic has the same Constitution from the beginning of democratization process, while Hungary passed the new Constitution in 2011. The Czech constitutional order reflects liberal democratic rules and values both in axiological and institutional dimension. The Hungarian one mirrors conservative and illiberal axiological values. In the institutional dimension both constitutions seem to maintain specific democratic regime, but in Hungary the executive power is dominant. The methods used in the research were: analysis, synthesis, institutional approach and comparative method.

  • Komemoracja postaci metropolity Andrzeja Szeptyckiego w 2015 roku a proces demokratyzacji na Ukrainie po rewolucji godności

    Author: Oliwia Kropornicka
    E-mail: oliwia.kropornicka@gmail.com
    Institution: Akademia Ignatianum w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3269-7661
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 93-113
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202606
    PDF: npw/26/npw2606.pdf

    Commemoration of the Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky in 2015 and the Process of Democratization in Ukraine after the Revolution of Dignity

    As a consequence of the crisis related to the overthrowof the president Yanukovych in Ukraine, anew social reality evolved. The changes are reflected, inter alia, in the reinterpretation of the identity and borders of the political community in Ukraine. The representatives of the Ukrainian elites who took over the power in 2014 actively joined this process. The proof of this fact is, inter alia, an initiative of the nationwidecelebrationof the 150th anniversary of the birth of the Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky. The reinterpretation of the own cultural heritage and the process of formation of the symbolic capital (as understood by P. Bourdieu) related with this heritage became more dinamic after the so-called Revolution of Dignity and in view of the armed conflict in Donbass. It seems that a modernised universal formula of the Ukrainian identity could be based largly on the cultural capital of one of the regions of Ukraine: Galicia. The currect Ukrainian authorities’ initiatives targeted at the promotion of the figure of the Metropolitan Andrey Sheptysky seem to indicate it. The analysis of theirprogressand shall enable a better understanding of the meaning and direction of social changes in today’s Ukraine.

  • Significance of Citizens’ Political Culture in the Process of Democratization: A Case Study – Ukraine

    Author: Vladyslav Myroniuk
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 86-98
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.68.07
    PDF: apsp/68/apsp6807.pdf

    The beginning of the 1990s was a time of geopolitical transformations. The collapse of the Soviet Union led to formation of new states that entered the path of democratization, and Ukraine was not an exception. Despite almost 30 years of independence, Ukraine remains a weak democracy. The reason of that, along with other problems, are peculiarities of political culture of citizens. Notwithstanding, weakness of political culture could be changed into the greatest advantage in the process of maturing of democracy in Ukraine.

  • Status and Role of the Young Generation in the Social and Political Space of Georgia

    Author: Katarzyna Skiert-Andrzejuk
    E-mail: katarzyna.skiert@gmail.com
    Institution: Collegium Civitas
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4451-5092
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 22-42
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212802
    PDF: npw/28/npw2802.pdf

    Status and Role of the Young Generation in the Social and Political Space of Georgia

    The aim of the paper is to examine the status and role of the young generation in the social and political space of Georgia. The paper states that the young generation of Georgians does not enjoy high social status, even though the young can and probably will constitute the future elite of Georgian society. To analyze this research problem, I have used a number of research methods based partly on secondary sources. Three main research methods have been used in the study-desk research method, comparison, and the statistical method based on secondary data that have been extracted from the Caucasus Research Resource Center (CRRC) database. The paper is a snapshot of studies on the theory of notions of “status” and “role”, and it presents the work of Polish scholars. Moreover, the paper opens the door to further research on the young and democracy in Georgia. The studied issue is essential for analyzing the perception of democracy and democratization among the generations in Georgia. The paper is part of a series of articles on the opinion of the young generation of Georgians about democracy and democratization.

  • Health status, nutrition and democratization: a comparative study

    Author: Steven A. Peterson
    E-mail: sap12@psu.edu
    Institution: School of Public Affairs Penn State Harrisburg Middletown PA 17057
    Author: Evan Franzese-Peterson
    E-mail: Ebf5003@gmail.com
    Institution: School of Public Affairs Penn State Harrisburg Middletown PA 17057
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 93-106
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2021207
    PDF: rop/16/rop1607.pdf

    Many factors have been adduced to explain why some states become democracies and others not. Accepted variables predicting democracy include education level, economic development, urbanization, communication networks and so on. This paper will explore two biological variables’ role—nutrition level and health status. Comparative data are used to explore the effects of these variables on level of democracy. Implications are discussed.

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