demokratyzacja

  • The Role of Economic Factors in the Processes of Democratic Consolidation – the Case of Post-Revolutionary Tunisia

    Author: Rachela Tonta
    Institution: Polish Academy of Sciences
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 95–116
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.52.05
    PDF: apsp/52/apsp5205.pdf

    In the last fi ve years Tunisia has been presented mostly as a success story of political transition. It managed to adopt a new constitution and to conduct the parliamentary and presidential elections in 2014. Finally, civil society groups, which helped to end the political crisis in 2013, won the Nobel peace prize. If we look from the institutional perspective and the ability of political groups to compromise, indeed we can say that Tunisia is a success story. Th e picture is more bleak, however, if we try to assess the infl uence of economic factors on the development of Tunisian democracy, especially in light of recent terrorist attacks and social protests. Th e aim of the article is to answer the questions, to what extent economic crisis can inhibit democratic consolidation in Tunisia and what Tunisia can learn from the Spanish experience of political transition.

  • The Structure of Transitional Remembrance Policy. A Report on Internal Correlations

    Author: Joanna Marszałek-Kawa
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Author: Patryk Wawrzyński
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 223–235
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.52.13
    PDF: apsp/52/apsp5213.pdf

    The research report presents results of the comparative study on relationships between remembrance narratives and transitional identity policy. It is based on the qualitative-toquantitative narrative analysis of six cases: Chile, Estonia, Georgia, Poland, South Africa, and Spain. It discusses internal correlations within the structure of transitional remembrance policy with reference to three levels of analysis: the general level, the areas of impact (objectives of the policy) level, and the fields of impact (aims of the policy) level. As a result, it offers two models – the General Model of Correlations, and the Model of Internal Correlations. These two drawings show main features of remembrance story-telling during democratisations, and they develop present understandings on the way in which historical arguments may influence transitional identity reconstruction.

  • Przewodniczący Rządu w Republice Czeskiej - ewolucja pozycji ustrojowej i praktyka konstytucyjna

    Author: Jacek Wojnicki
    E-mail: jacekwojnicki@poczta.onet.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4289-989X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 273-294
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.04.14
    PDF: ppk/56/ppk5614.pdf

    Chairman of the Government in the Czech Republic - Evolution of Political System and Constitutional Practice

    The article discusses the evolution of the political position of heads of government in the Czech Republic. Time censures are between 1992 and 2019. The institution of the Prime Minister has become a real instrument of political power for the leaders of political groups in the country discussed. The parliamentary model of government in force in the Czech Republic assumes close cooperation between the legislative and executive authorities. The analysis includes both the constitutional regulations and political practice of the last nearly 30 years.

  • The Evolution of the Systemic Position of the Prime Minister of Hungary - Legal Regulations and Constitutional Practice

    Author: Jacek Wojnicki
    E-mail: jacekwojnicki@poczta.onet.pl
    Institution: Warsaw University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4289-989X
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 481-499
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.35
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5735.pdf

    The article discusses the issues of evolution of the political position of heads of government in Hungary. The time frame is between 1990 and 2020. A wide historical spectrum is included as well, showing the transformations of the supreme bodies of state power. After 1989, Hungary opted to establish a parliamentary cabinet system, with some strengthening of the government’s powers. The institution of the Prime Minister has become a real instrument of political power for the leaders of political factions in the countries discussed. The analysis takes into account both constitutional regulations and political practice over the past nearly 30 years. A particular strengthening of the political position of the Prime Minister can be seen after 2010.

  • Significance of Citizens’ Political Culture in the Process of Democratization: A Case Study – Ukraine

    Author: Vladyslav Myroniuk
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 86-98
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.68.07
    PDF: apsp/68/apsp6807.pdf

    The beginning of the 1990s was a time of geopolitical transformations. The collapse of the Soviet Union led to formation of new states that entered the path of democratization, and Ukraine was not an exception. Despite almost 30 years of independence, Ukraine remains a weak democracy. The reason of that, along with other problems, are peculiarities of political culture of citizens. Notwithstanding, weakness of political culture could be changed into the greatest advantage in the process of maturing of democracy in Ukraine.

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