digital divide

  • "Join the Cause" – Human Rights on the Internet

    Author: Marta Dorenda–Zaborowicz
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2012
    Source: Show
    Pages: 367-382
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2012018
    PDF: ppsy/41/ppsy2012018.pdf

    Human rights are “basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled”. Proponents of the concept usually assert that all humans are endowed with certain entitlements merely by reason of being human. Human rights are thus conceived in a universalist and egalitarian fashion. Such entitlements can exist as shared norms of actual human moralities, as justifi ed moral norms or natural rights supported by strong reasons, or as legal rights either at a national level or within international law. However, there is no consensus as to the precise nature of what in particular should or should not be regarded as a human right in any of the preceding senses, and the abstract concept of human rights has been a subject of intense philosophical debate and criticism. As the new millennium emerges, trends in global human rights are changing. Human rights issues are crossing sovereign boundaries and are no longer just issues of the state. As more and more non-governmental organizations are growing, and the Internet expands and facilitates a quicker spread of information, there are more and more people raising concerns about human rights related issues. Some of these come from the increasingly larger and infl uential commercial sector including large, multinational companies, while the others are raised by ordinary people, being parts of diff erent networks. The aim of this article is to examine the way social networks influence and change the methods of raising the awareness concerning human rights on one hand, but, on the other hand, to analyse how new media contribute to deepening global inequalities.

  • Moving Education to Cloud: A pilot Study in Montenegrin Higher Education

    Author: Sanja Bauk
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 186-198
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.50.4.15
    PDF: tner/201704/tner20170415.pdf

    The paper considers challenges of moving education into Cloud under the conditions of digital divide. The content of the paper is divided into two parts. In the first one, the focus is on digital divide, since it greatly affects the issue. In the second part, a model for adapting Cloud in higher educational environment is proposed, with the emphasise on the needs of so-called developing countries, which suffer consequences of digital inequality. The statistical analyses of the survey conducted on the basis of the proposed model have been made at two universities in Montenegro (South-East Europe). Moreover, brief conclusions along with some guidelines for the future research work in the field are given.

  • Social Dimension of New Technologies in Border Control: An International Relations Perspective

    Author: Anna Moraczewska
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 78–94
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.52.04
    PDF: apsp/52/apsp5204.pdf

    The contemporary border crossing is said to have become progressively more automated and faster. Automated devices and surveillance systems in border control generally are to enhance security of the state. However, this perception of innovations in border control represents more of a developed countries’ perspective than a universal rule. An acceleration of technological development maintains or deepens inequalities between countries, regions, societies or generations and the change (progress) does not occur worldwide and does not apply to all societies. This paper presents different systems of border control using new technologies and their consequences in social and human dimension. A transition of state’s border from a physical line to territorially dispersed points, linked with international information and data sharing, is analysed. The impact of the automated border control of travellers on interactions between developed and less or developing countries is on the main interests of the author in this paper.

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