The rapid pace of digital media development implies social and cultural changes. The role of the school is to prepare the human being for the world dominated by these changes. Education 4.0 is one of the concepts for the comprehensive development of the human being. The first part of the article presents the chronology of changes in education in relation to the evolving digital media. Hence, the source of the changes and the subsequent stages of the concept from Education 1.0 to Education 3.0 are described. The second part of the article describes Education 4.0 and its components, the implementation of which in the learning and teaching process is a challenge for the contemporary school. The components described include: -Internet of Things, -the Cloud Computing, -Big Data analytics, -Autonomous Process Organisation, -Augmented Reality, -Horizontal and Vertical Integration, -Advanced Robots and Co-robots. The practical considerations on Education 4.0 follow from the reflections presented by a primary school headmaster who is also an academic staffmember.