early algebra

  • Year Five Pupils’ Understanding of Generalised Arithmetic

    Author: Leong Kwan Eu
    Author: Sharifah Norul Akmar
    Author: Piriya Somasundram
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 176-188
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.14
    PDF: tner/201703/tner20170314.pdf

    This paper reports on the research on year five pupils’ understanding of generalised arithmetic, which aimed to investigate the understanding of year five pupils’ commutative property and the property of zero together with its correlation with their mathematical achievement. Data for the study were collected via paper and pencil assessment answers for two items. Findings showed moderate achievement for both of the tasks. The pupils’ explanation illustrated their poor conceptual understanding of commutative property and the property of zero. However, this understanding is not correlated with their mathematical achievement in school. It shows that an outstanding student in school did not necessarily acquire conceptual understanding of commutative principle and the property of zero.

  • Year Five Pupils’ Number Sense and Algebraic Thinking: the Mediating Role of Symbol and Pattern Sense

    Author: Piriya Somasundram
    Institution: University of Malaya
    Author: Sharifah Norul Akmar
    Institution: University of Malaya
    Author: Leong Kwan Eu
    Institution: University of Malaya
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 100-111
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2019.55.1.08
    PDF: tner/201901/tner5508.pdf

    This study mainly focused on the relationship between number sense and algebraic thinking. Previous studies have provided evidence that number sense plays an important role in developing algebraic thinking. The role of symbol and pattern sense are yet to discover in relation to number sense and algebraic thinking. The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effects of symbol sense and pattern sense in year five pupils’ relationship between number sense and algebraic thinking. To do so, two mathematics tests were carried out among 720 year five pupils in the district of Malacca, Malaysia. The collected data were analysed using a partial least squares-structural equation modeling approach. The data collected were analysed using SPSS 22.0 and SmartPLS 3.0. Results demonstrated that symbol sense and pattern sense are good mediators between year five pupils’ number sense and algebraic thinking. This result of the study supports the past studies related to the role of number sense, symbol and pattern sense in developing algebraic thinking. The presented study provides suggestions as intervention to increase students’ making sense ability in numbers, symbols and patterns to develop algebraic thinking.

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