Early Middle Ages

  • Grody „plemienne” i „wczesnopaństwowe” na Mazowszu (IX–XI w.). Stan badań, problematyka i możliwości interpretacji

    Author: Maciej Trzeciecki
    Institution: Polska Akademia Nauk
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 42-67
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso180202
    PDF: hso/17/hso1702.pdf

    The following text is dedicated to issues related to the chronology of early medieval strongholds built in Mazovia between the end of the 9th and the end of the 11th c. It focuses primarily on the state of archeological research.

  • Badania archeologiczne grodziska w Zbuczu, gm. Czyże, pow. hajnowski

    Author: Dariusz Krasnodębski
    Institution: Polska Akademia Nauk
    Author: Wiesław Małkowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 105-121
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso180205
    PDF: hso/17/hso1705.pdf

    The article presents the results of geophysical research carried out in a hillfort in Zbucz from the late 9th and the early 10th centuries. This is the oldest fortified object in this part of Podlasie region which, on top of military functions, served also as a venue of culture and ceremonies.

  • Centralne funkcje grodów w społeczeństwach wczesnośredniowiecznych

    Author: Przemysław Urbańczyk
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-29
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso190201
    PDF: hso/21/hso2101.pdf

    Early medieval strongholds had various functions – e.g. symbolic, geopolitical, political-administrative and administrative-fiscal. Great majority were built after the mid 9th century. In the 2nd quarter of the 10th c. a network of strongholds indicates the nascent Piast state.

  • A goldsmith’s workshop in the Poznań stronghold as an indication of cultural contacts between the Piast and the Přemyslid dynasties

    Author: Hanna Kóčka-Krenz
    Institution: Wydział Archeologii Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2082-8177
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 91-108
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso200202
    PDF: hso/25/hso2502.pdf

    This paper gives details on a feature uncovered during archaeological research in Ostrów Tumski in Poznań, which yielded crucibles with particles of gold, fragments of gold foil, filigree, rivets, semi-finished products and finished products and beads from decorative stones. The feature was identified as a goldsmith’s workshop and attempts were made to determine the origin of the raw materials and where the artisans came from.

  • Wpływy północne (skandynawskie) i zachodnie w państwie pierwszych Piastów

    Author: Artur Dębski
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    Author: Hanna Kóčka-Krenz
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2082-8177
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 130-150
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso200204
    PDF: hso/25/hso2504.pdf

    The article deals with the issues concerning an extent and nature of cultural contacts between the early Piasts’ populations and Scandinavia, as reflected by archaeological evidence. The contacts with Carolingian and Ottonian cultures were recorded in sociotopography of leading fortified settlements and also in reception of secular and sacral forms of pre-Romanesque architecture.

  • Wczesnośredniowieczne grodzisko Bojná-Valy na Słowacji. Nowe interpretacje

    Author: Zbigniew Robak
    Institution: Slovenská akadémia vied
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4819-468X
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 36-64
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso210102
    PDF: hso/28/hso2802.pdf

    The Early Medieval hillfort Bojná-Valy in Slovakia is among the best known structures of this type in Europe. Until recently, it was attributed central functions but a new hypothesis suggests that it served as a kind of barracks.

  • Miasto i handel w poglądach mediewistów polskich pokolenia około 1916 r.

    Author: Marian Dygo
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3060-8311
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 147-210
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso210307
    PDF: hso/30/hso3007.pdf

    The author analyses the similarities and differences in the views of Polish medievalists born ca. 1916 concerning the history of Polish and Slavic towns and trade in the Early and High Middle Ages.

  • Trudności w chrystianizacji państwa wczesnopiastowskiego w świetle świadectw archeologicznych

    Author: Przemysław Urbańczyk
    Institution: Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0151-6415
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 13-30
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso220101
    PDF: hso/32/hso3201.pdf

    The problems with Christianisation of the Early Piast state in the light of archaeological research

    Christianization of the Early Piast state was a difficult and long process which gained momentum during the reign of Boleslav Chrobry. Archaeological evidence for this process includes syncretic behavior typical of periods of an enforced religious change.

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