Education

  • The Social and Educational Capital of Senior Citizens’ Development in Poland and in Europe

    Author: Małgorzata Kamińska
    Institution: Paweł Włodkowic High School
    Author: Dagmar Marková
    Institution: Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 114-127
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.02.07
    PDF: kie/108/kie10807.pdf

    The ageing of European societies ensues, above all, from adverse demographic trends; it also becomes a cause of many disturbing phenomena involving marginalization, decreased social participation, professional and educational activity. There is increasing concern about the need to create a social capital for development. This paper will present data in regard to the situation of senior citizens in Poland and Europe. The material is based on the reports published by the European Committee and country strategy papers.

  • The Significance of Cultural Component in Foreign Language Teaching

    Author: Małgorzata Łazicka
    Institution: University of Warsaw Library
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 204-217
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.06.12
    PDF: kie/106/kie10612.pdf

    My paper deals with the significance of introducing the cultural component in foreign language teaching as well as the necessity of developing young people’s sensitivity to culture, especially to art and literature. In the article, the basic definitions and relevant terms connected with culture are discussed, according to the current status of glottodidactic knowledge. The question of how and to what extent should the cultural component be introduced in the school is also raised. Moreover, the aims of teaching cultural elements as well as their role and importance in foreign language learning are presented. In the final part of the text I describe an example of a practical pedagogical application of the cultural component, which can be used during English classes. This crosscultural studies project consists of three lessons, focused on a chosen aspect of British culture, namely the creation of two representatives of the 18thcentury art and literature. The presentation of this project supports the thesis that the combination of teaching language together with cultural elements is possible. It also serves as an example of how to achieve this aim and, simultaneously, how to make lessons both educational and untypical, which means more entertaining for the students. All in all, the aim of the article is to emphasise the need for aesthetic education as well as to raise teachers’ and educators’ awareness of the aforementioned problem.

  • From the Analysis of Pedagogical Discourse to a Reflection on the Integration of Knowledge about Youth

    Author: Helena Ostrowicka
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 5-23
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.05.01
    PDF: kie/105/kie10501.pdf

    This paper offers a reflection on educational discourse with particular focus on pedagogical discourse about youth. It begins with terminological and methodological assertions. Making a distinction between the discourse of educational practice and pedagogical discourse, I attempted to identify some types of discourse about youth which have become prominent in pedagogical research. To grasp the characteristics of the discourse I referred to quite a wide selection of pedagogical texts which provide data about the ways of problematisation of the theme of youth. They included monographs devoted to youth, research reports and articles from pedagogical periodicals, published in the last decade. My research tools in the qualitative analysis of the texts were two basic analytical categories: ideological dominants (the concept of youth, dominant values attributed to young age and youth) and interrogative dominants (fundamental practices of formulating questions about youth, problematisation, and typical conceptual categories). The typology of discourses about youth derived from empirical studies was used to construct a theoretical model of the analysis of integration of knowledge about youth. The concluding section poses several questions pointing at some potentially interesting areas for future research into heterogeneous sources of knowledge about youth.

  • Selekcje szkolne w toku kształcenia czy spontaniczne? Kilka pytań o merytokrację w świetle dorobku Profesora Ryszarda Borowicza

    Author: Aleksandra Nowakowska-Kutra
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 297-314
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.19
    PDF: kie/104/kie10419.pdf

    Processes of selection of schools have already constituted the object of the Doctoral Dissertation of Professor Ryszard Borowicz, prepared under a scientific supervision of Professor Zbigniew Kwieciński, and also of his numerous books and papers published throughout his whole scientific career. One of the leading concepts applied in the projects carried out by Professor Ryszard Borowicz was the meritocratic concept. Application of that theory in the explanation of phenomena taking place in the contemporary education system has been subject of critical analysis. Besides, the possible directions of studies have been proposed concerning the selection of schools, including the university-level of education. A number of questions have been raised worth answering, especially in face of dynamic transformations taking place in the Polish society that are somehow a consequence of belief in education that was supposed to create stratification mechanisms enabling promotion of positively selected individuals, according to the relation “merit-award”. With consideration for the Professor’s achievements, and for current indicators, some phenomena have been presented that currently exist in the system and are directly related with the problem of selection of schools.

  • Dokąd zmierza praca socjalna? – Na podstawie analizy tekstów prof. Ryszarda Borowicza „Whither Socjal Work?”

    Author: Aneta Baranowska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Author: Katarzyna Wasilewska-Ostrowska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 349-362
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.04.22
    PDF: kie/104/kie10422.pdf

    The purpose of this article is an attempt to show the development of Polish social work based on the works of Prof. Ryszard Borowicz. In the text were subjected to scientific reflections definitions and the main categories of research described by the author, which may be a starting point for the development of the theory and practice of social work (human dignity, work, equality and social justice, the auto-selection). The author devotes attention to questions of education and social work tasks facing contemporary social work. Text analysis R. Borowicz has allowed many findings. The main thing is that social work is transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary science that combines the traditions of different disciplines (especially sociology, pedagogy, social policy), the creation of social theory and practice should benefit from the experience of the world, but without forgetting the native and most importantly you need think about the future, and not focus on the present, because there will be more social problems and new needs that challenge for social work. Notably, many of the issues raised by the researcher is still valid and therefore worth reaching for his works and re-discover them.

  • Muzyka, edukacja, społeczeństwo – w stronę jakiego uczestnictwa w kulturze muzycznej?

    Author: Barbara Jabłońska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 184-205
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.03.10
    PDF: kie/103/kie10310.pdf

    The purpose of this article is to examine the role and importance of music in society. In particular, attention is paid on the educational value of art sound and musical skills of Poles and their participation in the musical culture. The main question is the question of the quality of these skills and socialization processes of individuals to music. The aim of the paper is also to discuss the institutional problems and obstacles of music education as well as to focus on the problem of the reproduction of the non-sensitive to music generations. The text is composed of four main parts. In the first of them there are discussed the general issues related to the role of music in society, including the process of acquiring musical skills and aesthetic dispositions (in the sense of Pierre Bourdieu), allowing individuals to take an active part in the musical life of the community. The focal point of the discussion also concentrates on such topics, as integration and communication power of music in society within the meaning of Alfred Schütz. The second part of the text contains the reflections on the educational role of music, including its ability to connect people, and shaping them socially desirable traits. The third part of the article refers to the issue of the musical competences of Poles, based on available quantitative data. The latter are useful to discuss the problem of intergenerational inheritance of weak music competences, and therefore the phenomenon of the reproduction of musical “illiteracy”. The fourth section provides some reflection on the specific consequences of music education system in Poland. In particular, the attention is paid to the issues such as the low level of participation in musical culture, and the regression of listening in the sense of Theodor W. Adorno.

  • Lateral Thinking in the Process of Logistics Students’ Education Using the Example of the EOQ Model

    Author: Paweł Ślaski
    Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1950-9910
    Author: Małgorzata Grzelak
    Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6296-7098
    Published online: 15 June 2022
    Final submission: 21 April 2022
    Printed issue: 2023
    Source: Show
    Page no: 19
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202216
    PDF: ppsy/51/ppsy202216.pdf

    This paper explores the possibility of using lateral thinking to enhance student learning in higher education. Teams of students formed during classes using the „six think- ing hats” method, a concept developed by (de Bono, 1985), analyse a problem posed by the lecturer. This problem involves solving a commonly used economic rule considered in a deterministic environment, the so-called economic order quantity (EOQ) model. Students divided into research teams first solve the problem classically, using elements of differential calculus. In the next stage, they solve the problem using process analysis, re-engineering principles, and a computer application. The most important feature of this stage is the analysis of the problem, so to speak, from the end, i.e., from the definition of the goal, which is to determine the optimal order size of goods in the supply chain at minimum cost. The six thinking hats method is extremely helpful at this stage. The key benefits for students using this type of teaching are related to verifying previous thinking in solving the problem and adopting a creative approach to solving the task. Empirical studies confirm that this type of teaching increases the attractiveness of the class and the satisfaction of acquiring creative thinking skills and provides the satisfaction of solving a complex research problem in a team. Student surveys with a small sample (

  • Miejsce edukacji regionalnej w kształtowaniu tożsamości regionalnej przed i w czasach pandemii

    Author: Kinga Lisowska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8404-4363
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 172-182
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2022.02.13
    PDF: em/17/em1713.pdf

    Significance of regional education in shaping regional identity before and in the pandemic times

    The undertaken considerations concern the role of regional education in shaping the regional identity of children between 5–12 years old before and during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. The basis of scientific analysis is the experience of children and their mothers. Regional education should lead to the development of the individual and collective identity of an individual, root a young person in his own cultural heritage and enable him to function creatively in a multicultural society. An outcome of the conducted research indicates minor impact of regional education in the range of shaping a regional identity of examined children during the period before the pandemic and its exacerbating ineffectiveness in the Times of isolation and distance learning. Mothers propound the need of action in the area of regional education in order to make children aware of their responsibility for their place of residence, the local community, the protection and multiplication of the cultural heritage of the region. The research indicates the need of consideration both: the current condition of regional education in kindergarten and school space and its actual role in the process of shaping children’s and youth’s regional identity.

  • Organisation of the Educational Process Through the Technology of Blended Learning

    Author: Liudmyla Shevchenko
    Institution: Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia, Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4991-4949
    Author: Yaroslava Pylypenko
    Institution: Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia, Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0705-2327
    Author: Olena Demchenko
    Institution: Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Vinnytsia, Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5975-4470
    Author: Natalia Hnatiuk
    Institution: Academician Yuriy Bugay, Lutsk, Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4718-9229
    Author: Andrii Diachuk
    Institution: Khmelnytskyi National University, Khmelnitskyi, Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5974-7286
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 199-208
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.22.68.2.16
    PDF: tner/202202/tner6816.pdf

    The article has determined that the introduction of mixed learning is not only the transfer of many elements of the educational process into the electronic environment but also the design of a professionally-oriented educational environment of universities and the instructional design of electronic courses. The hybrid electronic course of the discipline “Digital technologies in education and research” by the principle of the backward design was developed and tested. The given examples of students’ creative work were submitted in the form of projects, websites, blogs, web quests, and online conferences. Presents the main tips that need to be followed for effective development and implementation of blended learning.

  • The Role of Education in the Protection of Cultural Heritage (on the Example of the Project “Journey through Wooden Podlasie”)

    Author: Magdalena Sulima
    Institution: Bialystok University of Technology
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0807-9417
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 9-28
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.02.01
    PDF: kie/136/kie13601.pdf

    Nowadays the issue of regional education is a very contemporary and necessary problem, seen as a future factor in cultural heritage, which can be treated as a contribution to preserving the continuity of traditional values. A look at how heritage can be protected using local perspectives in a globalized world through educational activities is also postulated by UNESCO’s global doctrines. In order to include this idea within the school education system, a certain transformation of the pedagogical reality must take place, which is a long-term process. That is why such projects are often carried out through non-formal education. Using the example of the project ‘Journey through Wooden Podlasie’, this study addresses the problem of protecting the cultural landscape and intangible heritage of Podlasie through education from an early age. Analysis of material collected, as well as the author’s own observations from the various projects carried out in the form of regional education, confirm the theory that there is a great need to implement programs of active heritage protection from scratch. Drawing inspiration from the past can be of great practical importance for future generations, and can serve to encourage children to be active participants in their environment.

  • Educational Potential of Polish Borderland of Nysa, Prudnik, and Głubczyce Districts – Quantitative Changes in 1995–2019

    Author: Mirosław Hanulewicz
    Institution: Academy of Management and Administration in Opole
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1119-8297
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 181-201
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.02.11
    PDF: kie/136/kie13611.pdf

    The article describes quantitative changes in the educational area of the Polish borderland, based on the examples of Nysa, Prudnik, and Głubczyce districts. The demographic data, unfavorable for entire Poland, in the borderland regions are additionally burdened with migration from peripheral communes. It is reflected in the functioning of educational institutions. The analysis of the educational potential of the border areas based on data from the three districts indicates alarming demographic forecasts announcing their depopulation. Breaking that process seems impossible without external support. Thanks to co-financing under efficiently implemented EU projects, and, above all, the work of local leaders, many interesting initiatives were implemented to improve the quality of life in the border areas and their tourist attractiveness, which also gives hope for an economic revival. A positive aspect is that with the decreasing number of students, the number of departments also decreases, which gives hope for a better quality of care, upbringing, and education. However, the data show that reversing the negative trends requires great commitment.

  • Women in Management. Addressing the Issues of Social Structure and Education

    Author: Sławomir Banaszak
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6083-6641
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 272-284
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.02.16
    PDF: kie/136/kie13616.pdf

    The paper is part of the interdisciplinary considerations on the management of organisations and the participation of women in these processes. The presented approach combines the science of management with the sociology of education. It allows the analysis of macro-social aspects of women’s functioning and micro-social aspects related to the functioning of women at the top of corporate power. The article is based on a management survey published in 2019, which concerns issues of mutual relations between education, socialisation, and the place of women in the social structure or the selection of co-workers. It is qualitative research that does not allow for the generalisation of conclusions to the entire population of Polish managers (or, more precisely, managers working in Poland), but the representativeness of a typological nature has been preserved. It means that the interviewees represented distinguished types of managers, mainly due to the industry and the type of position. The study concerned the highest-ranking company managers, Chief Executive Directors (CEO), and members of the company’s boards with various academic diplomas.

  • Edukacja jako przedmiot zainteresowań polskich partii politycznych w drugim dziesięcioleciu XXI w. Analiza wybranych programów wyborczych

    Author: Ewelina Malendowicz
    Institution: Szkoła Podstawowa nr 56 z oddziałami integracyjnymi w Bydgoszcz
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2463-9573
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 376-392
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201920
    PDF: siip/18/siip1820.pdf

    Education as an Subject of Interest of Polish Political Parties in the Second Decade of the 21st Century. Analysis of Selected Election Programmes

    The aim of this article is to reflect on the pluralism of plans and projects of the school education system in Poland at the end of the second decade of the 21st century and the positions of political parties regarding reforms of children’s and youth education. The hypothesis of the research in the article is the assumption that the electoral programmes of Polish political parties are characterized by a plurality of educational visions. They often are proposals for reforms adapting education to the tasks of the modern economy, market and social changes. The research method used in the article is the analysis of source documents, i.e. political party programmes, as well as their comparative analysis. The programmes of 14 political parties, valid in the second decade of the 21st century, were analyzed. These were in the order: Democratic Left Alliance (SLD), Labor Union (UP), Polish Labor Party – August 80 (PPP-S’80), Party Together, Spring, Green Party, Polish People’s Party (PSL), Democratic Party (SD), Civic Platform (PO), Modern Party, Law and Justice (PiS), Coalition of the Restoration of the Republic Freedom and Hope (KORWiN), Right Wing of the Republic, National Movement (RN).

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