efektywność

  • Efficiency of State Foreign Policy. Introduction to Definition Process

    Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 226–243
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.48.15
    PDF: apsp/48/apsp4815.pdf

    The aim of this article is to present the definition of efficiency of state foreign policy. As a result of theoretical research, the definition of efficiency that views efficiency of state foreign policy as the relationship between the intended objectives and the achieved effects, taking into account the resources used and measures adopted in the pursuit of these objectives. It is the sum of the component efficiencies in achieving the country’s raison d’etat, its long-term and short-term objectives and ad hoc goals, and finally the level of state activity in the international arena

  • Minority Government and Legislative Politics in Poland, 1989–2007

    Author: Robert Radek
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 22-33
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.02
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6302.pdf

    One of the scientifically interesting questions is explaining the functioning and effectiveness of the minority government. An analysis of Polish governments (1989–2007) finds mixed support for the importance of parliamentary procedural mechanisms. Yet an analysis of the Polish government after the collapse of communism reveals that a governing party with a central position in the party system can indeed shift alliances and maintain quite effective governance. Additionally, the evidence indicates that minority governments may also rely on alliances across parliament deputies who want prolong the term of office as long as possible. The article concentrates also on duration and legislative effectiveness of Polish minority cabinets.

  • Rodzinno-środowiskowe uwarunkowania wyników nauki

    Author: Elżbieta Hałaburda
    Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4081-8133
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 110-122
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.01.07
    PDF: kie/127/kie12707.pdf

    The most important factor conditioning school achievements is the economic and social status of the student’s family of origin. This has been confirmed many times by Polish and international studies, although the socio-economic status was described by various determinants. According to the theory of cultural capital P. Bordieu, the family is that which equips the child with various language and cultural competences that can be developed in the education process at various levels. However, the learning outcomes (in the form of grades and results of exams) are determined not only by family and environmental elements, but also by the organization of the school itself. An important role is also played by the teacher’s person, his methodological and substantive competences, as well as the ability to recognize the student’s potential and his characteristics conditioning the results achieved.

  • Zmiany w systemie polskiej administracji wyborczej w latach 2018-202

    Author: Andrzej Sokala
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8439-868X
    Author: Anna Frydrych-Depka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3765-4046
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 31-42
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.02
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6302.pdf

    Changes in the system of the Polish election administration in 2018–2020

    Recently there have been made many amendments to Electoral Code. They concerned mostly electoral administration and further are being announced. The article is an attempt to summarize made and proposed changes from the perspective of basic principles concerning electoral management in democracy, in particular impartiality and efficiency of electoral management bodies. Analyse shows mainly the lack of complex vision for electoral administration, which is highly inadvisable.

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