The place of school learning resources in supporting effectiveness in basic schools cannot be underestimated. It was against this backdrop that this study was conducted to examine basic schools learning resources and effectiveness in Egbeda Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The population of the study comprised of all the 36 basic schools in Egbeda Local Government. Twelve basic schools were selected using a stratified sampling technique. The same sampling technique was used to select 15 teachers in the each school. Researcher-designed instruments titled “School Learning Resources Questionnaire” (SLRQ) and “Basic School Effectiveness Questionnaire” (BSEQ) were used for data collection in this study. The validity and the reliability of the instruments were ascertained and the co-efficient of reliability was 0.88. Findings showed that there was a significant relationship between basic schools learning resources and effectiveness in Egbeda Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. (r =.402; p<.05). Based on the findings, it was recommended, among other things, that learning resources (human, material, physical and financial) should be adequately supplied to basic schools for effectiveness to be achieved.