• Zarządzanie procesami a efektywność

    Author: Grzegorz Kluj
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 235-246
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201317
    PDF: ksm/18/ksm201317.pdf

    In the publicationthe authorsuggests thatthe main goal ofthe implementation­process approachandprocess management is to makeraisingthe efficiency of thebusiness organization. For this purpose, are discussed the keydifferences­betweenthe process and thefunctionalapproachandis characterizedthe con­ceptof efficiency. This publication presentsan originalmethodology of process managementin order to improvethe efficiency of thecompany.

  • Efficiency of State Foreign Policy. Introduction to Definition Process

    Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 226–243
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.48.15
    PDF: apsp/48/apsp4815.pdf

    The aim of this article is to present the definition of efficiency of state foreign policy. As a result of theoretical research, the definition of efficiency that views efficiency of state foreign policy as the relationship between the intended objectives and the achieved effects, taking into account the resources used and measures adopted in the pursuit of these objectives. It is the sum of the component efficiencies in achieving the country’s raison d’etat, its long-term and short-term objectives and ad hoc goals, and finally the level of state activity in the international arena

  • Rodzinno-środowiskowe uwarunkowania wyników nauki

    Author: Elżbieta Hałaburda
    Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4081-8133
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 110-122
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.01.07
    PDF: kie/127/kie12707.pdf

    The most important factor conditioning school achievements is the economic and social status of the student’s family of origin. This has been confirmed many times by Polish and international studies, although the socio-economic status was described by various determinants. According to the theory of cultural capital P. Bordieu, the family is that which equips the child with various language and cultural competences that can be developed in the education process at various levels. However, the learning outcomes (in the form of grades and results of exams) are determined not only by family and environmental elements, but also by the organization of the school itself. An important role is also played by the teacher’s person, his methodological and substantive competences, as well as the ability to recognize the student’s potential and his characteristics conditioning the results achieved.


    Author: Євгеній Компанець
    Institution: Scientific-Research Institute of Intellectual Property of National Academy of Law Sciences in Ukraine
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8162-1965
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 54-77
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20210404
    PDF: ksm/32/ksm3204.pdf


    The article summarizes the existing discussible approaches of domestic and foreign scholars to understanding of the purpose of criminal procedural proof and the search for truth. The legislation of Ukraine, norms of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Criminal Procedure Codes of a number of European countries, modern approaches of US courts, the Supreme Court [of Ukraine], the European Court of Human Rights on normative consolidation of the purpose of criminal procedural proof and application of the law are analyzed. On the basis of an excursion in the history of science the basic theories of truth are highlighted. It has been established that the theory of objective truth has prevailed in science for a long time, but attention is drawn to the fact that it is increasingly criticized in favor of efficiency of criminal proceedings through applying relevant legal procedures. Judicial practice shows a shift in emphasis from establishing the truth to procedural justice aimed at achieving the optimal model of the purpose of criminal proceedings and proof. The approaches to the purpose of proof and the search for truth of various subjects in criminal proceedings on infringement of intellectual property rights and efficiency of applying conventional truth are substantiated. The own vision of the concept of the purpose of proof is proposed and propositions on improvement of the procedural legislation of Ukraine are provided.

  • Zmiany w systemie polskiej administracji wyborczej w latach 2018-202

    Author: Andrzej Sokala
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8439-868X
    Author: Anna Frydrych-Depka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3765-4046
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 31-42
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.02
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6302.pdf

    Changes in the system of the Polish election administration in 2018–2020

    Recently there have been made many amendments to Electoral Code. They concerned mostly electoral administration and further are being announced. The article is an attempt to summarize made and proposed changes from the perspective of basic principles concerning electoral management in democracy, in particular impartiality and efficiency of electoral management bodies. Analyse shows mainly the lack of complex vision for electoral administration, which is highly inadvisable.

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