electoral system

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    The Polish Political Science Yearbook (PPSY) is an international, open access, and peer-reviewed journal publishing high-standard research on political science, international relations, public policy, and security and legal studies. The PPSY serves as a forum for academic scholars and professionals to support the latest analytical and methodological advancements and promote current work in political science and Polish studies.

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  • Book Review: M. Chmaj, W. Skrzydło, System wyborczy w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej [The Election System in the Republic of Poland], Wolters Kluwer Polska – LEX, Warsaw 2011, pp. 182

    Author: Joanna Marszałek–Kawa
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 355-358
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2013026
    PDF: ppsy/42/ppsy2013026.pdf

    In 2011, the long-awaited fourth issue of the book System wyborczy w Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej was published by the Lex publishing house. The issue includes the codification of election law, which was enacted in 2011.The authors of the presented issue are two outstanding Polish constitutionalists.

  • Rola korupcji politycznej w procesie rozliczalności wertykalnej na poziomie lokalnym

    Author: Waldemar Wojtasik
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 114-127
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.58.07
    PDF: apsp/58/apsp5807.pdf

    Korupcja polityczna jest zjawiskiem mogącym wpływać na proces rozliczalności wertykalnej. Jej oddziaływanie jest związane z wpływem na 3 komponenty: informacyjny, ewaluacyjny i administracyjny. Rządzący na poziomie lokalnym mogą osłabiać efekty rozliczalności wertykalnej, wpływając na jej przebieg. W przypadku wystąpienia korupcji politycznej najskuteczniejszym sposobem przeciwdziałania efektywności rozliczalności wertykalnej jest instrumentalne kreowanie komponentu informacyjnego. Odbywa się ono poprzez asymetrię informacyjną i zarządzanie niepewnością komunikacyjną. W przypadku komponentu ewaluacyjnego mechanizm osłabiania rozliczalności zakłada odejście od modelu głosowania ekonomicznego na rzeczy aksjologicznego lub socjotropicznego. Relatywnie najsłabsze możliwości osłabiania procesu rozliczalności wertykalnej występują w przypadku komponentu administracyjnego i odwołują się do intencjonalnych zmian elementów systemu wyborczego.

  • Consequences of the Electoral System in Polish Municipalities – Pathologies and Abuses

    Author: Justyna Wasil
    Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
    Author: Monika Sidor
    Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
    Author: Katarzyna A. Kuć-Czajkowska
    Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 477-490
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018303
    PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018303.pdf

    Pathologies and abuses accompany elections and are connected with the electoral system both in its narrow and broad sense. Moreover, they stem from a human nature and a degree of democratic principles consolidation. Cohabitation is conditioned by the electoral system and, in the case of the proportional allocation of seats, it arises more often than in the majority system with single member constituencies. The phenomenon itself is not always pathological. However, such an adverse situation develops when it comes to clashes, neither substantive nor creative, between the municipal bodies and, in consequence, the interests of the local community are jeopardised. Elections at the municipal level are also accompanied by other pathologies and abuses including: coercing votes when voting by proxy, adding voters to an electoral roll, bringing residents to a polling place, paying for one’s votes, preying on the naïvety of voters which can take grotesque forms or brutalising an election campaign caused by the mediatisation of local policy. The above-mentioned phenomena were examined and presented in the paper based on the analysis of statistical data, articles from the local press and, most essentially for the discussed subject, a rich material collected thanks to the in-depth interviews conducted by the authors.

  • Election Petitions in Poland: The Efficiency Analysis of the Institution

    Author: Jagoda Wojciechowska
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 491-502
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018304
    PDF: ppsy/47-3/ppsy2018304.pdf

    The article concerns the analysis of procedures connected with election petitions in Poland on the basis of the constituencies under the jurisdiction of the District Court in Toruń. It should be mentioned, however, that research is currently being conducted in other courts, which even at the preliminary stage appears to corroborate the results of the analysis presented in the article. The research focuses on the guarantees of the efficiency of the electoral petition in Poland. The election petition is the most important instrument which is available to verify the validity of elections. The Constitution does not regulate this matter, entrusting the legislator with this task. The possibility of submitting an election petition implements the principle of the external judicial review of the progress of an election or referendum, which can be initiated upon the request of a legal entity entitled to submit the petition. Considering the role of the petition proceedings as well as the values which remain protected within the procedure of settlement, the legislator should demonstrate the utmost care to increase their efficiency. However, the regulations concerning election petitions are scattered around the whole Electoral Code. Furthermore, for an election petition to be justified, there must be a cause-effect link between the law violation and the results of an election, with the burden of proof placed on the petitioner. The overall result is that in judicial practice only in few cases have grievances in election petitions been considered justified.

  • Wpływ ordynacji wyborczej i polaryzacji sceny politycznej na poziom frekwencji wyborczej

    Author: Marcin Najbar
    Institution: Akademia Leona Koźmińskiego w Warszawie
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 89–107
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2017.55.05
    PDF: apsp/55/apsp5505.pdf

    Badanie determinant frekwencji wyborczej stanowi ważny obszar zainteresowań teorii wyboru publicznego. Celem artykułu jest ocena wpływu ordynacji wyborczej i polaryzacji sceny politycznej na frekwencję wyborczą. Przedstawione badanie empiryczne obejmuje wybory do parlamentów krajowych w 51 państwach w latach 1961 – 2014. W oparciu o dane pochodzące z projektu EMP zmierzona została polaryzacja sceny politycznej. Modele regresji dla wszystkich państw oraz dla Europy Zachodniej wykazały, że system wyborczy ma wpływ na poziom frekwencji wyborczej. W obu przypadkach systemy większościowe charakteryzują się niższą frekwencją niż systemy proporcjonalne. Mocny test zawierający efekty stałe dla krajów nie wykazał wpływu polaryzacji sceny politycznej na wielkość frekwencji. Brak związku przyczynowego pomiędzy polaryzacją a frekwencją może wynikać z istnienia wielu mechanizmów współzależności tych zmiennych, które zostały opisane w teoretycznej części artykułu.

  • Systemic Preconditions of Centralized Personalization of the Election Campaign to the Polish Sejm

    Author: Wojciech Peszyński
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 34-49
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.03
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6303.pdf

    The aim of this article is to assess the susceptibility of chosen components of Polish political system on centralized personalization of the election to the Sejm. The method applied in this process is the qualitative-quantitative content analysis. The construction of the tool that could objectively measure this influence in any democratic country poses an extremely difficult task. For this reason, the author proposed his own catalog of variables, based on the criterion of the relevance of their impact on the process of personalization. This list includes the following determinants: the position of Prime Minister, the electoral system, competencies and the manner of creating the position of the President, the financing of political parties and the role of the mass media. Out of the above-mentioned variables, especially the Prime Minister’s competences and the election system are the key factors that influence the level of centralized personalization, due to which they were graded higher in the assessment of susceptibility.

  • (Dys)proporcjonalność polskich wyborów samorządowych

    Author: Bartłomiej Michalak
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4920-439X
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 273-285
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.04.16
    PDF: ppk/62/ppk6216.pdf

    (Dis)proportionality of the Polish Local Elections

    Studies on disproportionality of proportional electoral systems proves prove that district magnitude is a key variable determining deviations from proportionality in election results. This paper will shows how district magnitude affects electoral disproportionality by employing empirical data from Polish local elections in 2018. The analysis will prove that Polish “proportional” electoral system to local councils leads to highly disproportional results.

  • Zmiana systemu wyborczego jako problem badawczy

    Author: Wojciech Sokół
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3905-0852
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 19-29
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.01
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6301.pdf

    Changing the electoral systems as a research problem

    The aim of the article is to review the main research issues related to the analysis of changes in electoral systems. Since the nineties of the twentieth century, the issue has become a popular research. Based on the literature review, attention was drawn to research on entities involved in changes to electoral systems, the motivations underlying these decisions, awareness of the political consequences of participants into the effects of changes in electoral systems, factors shaping electoral reform processes.

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