• Kształtowanie koncentracji, empatii, odwagi i odpowiedzialności przez zajęcia plenerowe z czasowym wyłączaniem percepcji wzrokowej

    Author: Michał Sadowski
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 215-232
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201612
    PDF: ksm/21/ksm201612.pdf

    The ability to focus, empathy, courage and responsibility are important determinants affecting the development of pro-social behavior. In the modern education system, they are rarely appreciated. They are being pushed away, often far from pragmatism and academic knowledge. In the same time the modern world needs a person able to see deeper and more thorough, that is able to discover what seems to be hidden from the sight of others.

    The aim of this study was to verify the usefulness of field activities in the development of selected social attitudes. The participants moved around with their eyes closed assisted by their colleagues. The study was conducted during the obligatory winter camps of the Faculty of Tourism and Recreation in the Academy of Physical Education in Warsaw in 2014–2016. 86 students were tested, amongst them there were 37 women and 49 men. The experimental group consisted of people carrying out their snowboard training and experiencing temporary shutdown of visual perception during the activity. The results were compared with tests carried out on the third and fourth stage of education. The basic research method was a pedagogical experiment, that involved participant observation tool. To collect more detailed data a diagnostic survey was also used. The study used collecting material techniques – a survey, a complementary interview and a video recording the behavior of respondents during the activities. People with experience in practicing snowboarding with eyes closed (experimental group) did much better in difficult terrain showing lower level of feelings of anxiety and greater courage, composure and accuracy in performing given tasks. Respondents playing the guide role presented rarely seen in everyday situations empathetic attitude in response to their colleagues stress reactions. The results allow to draw conclusion that the use of similar activities at different levels of education can be an effective tool in building positives interpersonal relationships in educational institutions and beyond. Studies show that getting such effects as increased levels of concentration, accuracy in action, coping with stress – which connects to more effectively undertaken in difficult conditions – can be possible only through systematic training using a temporary shutdown of visual perception.


  • Il Logos della Croce

    Author: Giovanni Ferraro
    Institution: Società Filosofica Europea di Ricerca e Alti Studi
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 269-283
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IW.2014.05.12
    PDF: iw/05/iw512.pdf


    The existential story of Edith Stein is characterized by the pursuit of truth and by placing herself at its service. Starting from the philosophical discourse she reaches the word of the cross, the Logos of the analogy that relates separate determinations. Going through the various stations of her Way of the Cross in order to achieve her union with the Beloved, Edith Stein realizes the commandment of love: donate life to “save” forever every existence.

  • Edukacyjny potencjał książek obrazkowych na przykładzie twórczości Iwony Chmielewskiej

    Author: Anna Józefowicz
    Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku, Polska
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9126-3874.
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 50-64
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.03
    PDF: kie/131/kie13103.pdf

    The aim of the text is to present the educational potential of selected books by Iwona Chmielewska - a Polish artist, illustrator, graphic artist. The attention was paid to the content of selected works by the author, which can be treated as tools conducive to work on the development of readers’ imagination and empathy. By analyzing the entire architecture of selected picture books by Chmielewska, they can be seen as an unlimited field that can be used to design „educational opportunities”. The text is an idea of going out to children with an art book, an encouragement to look for others with a similar wealth of metaphors and symbols, so that this type of literature becomes the subject of various forms of school and extracurricular education. The text is structured as follows: explain the meaning of the term picture book; emphasizing the importance of picturebooks in contemporary culture; an attempt to define the characteristic style of Iwona Chmielewska’s books; consider the importance of empathy and imagination for the cultural sensitization of the reader; presenting proposals for educational activities inspired by the books by Iwona Chmielewska. The content analysis method used in the methodology of qualitative research was used.

  • Empathy: A Double Edged Sword

    Author: Violet Cheung-Blundena
    Institution: University of San Francisco
    Author: Man Yoke Moke
    Institution: University of San Francisco
    Author: Pranita Ramanan
    Institution: University of San Francisco
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 193-210
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.05.12
    PDF: kie/105/kie10512.pdf

    In the domain of interpersonal relations empathy has been widely regarded as a valuable tool for peacebuilding. Past research has shown that if enough empathy is extended to a victim of violence, insight into the victim’s plight tends to give pause to the aggressor and also prompt bystanders to help. While the victim is the sole recipient of empathy in an interpersonal conflict, elevating the concept of empathy from an individual level analysis to a group level analysis encounters further complications. In intergroup conflicts, both parties in the conflict stand to receive empathy. In light of this, one theoretical question is whether both kinds of empathy, those directed to the ingroup members and the outgroup members, have similar utilities in peacebuilding. We reference the literature on intergroup contact and intergroup threats, to scrutinize the role of empathy in intergroup conflicts. We argue that ingroup and outgroup empathy have the opposite effects on group violence – directing empathy to the outgroup results in the denouncement of aggression, whereas directing empathy to the ingroup may lead to a desire to counterattack. Thus, rather than boosting the overall amplitude of empathy, striking the right balance is the key of leveraging empathy towards peace.

  • Effects of Competency Programme for Understanding and Guiding Students with Learning Difficulties on Teacher Efficacy, Teaching Passion, and Empathy of Pre-Service Teachers

    Author: June Lee
    Institution: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Korea
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6388-4163
    Author: Yunoug Lee
    Institution: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Korea
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2540-1583
    Author: Mi Hwa Kim
    Institution: University of Technology & Education, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7183-1643
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 139-149
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.
    PDF: tner/202202/tner6811.pdf

    Education for pre-service teachers should focus on developing the competencies necessary to understand and practice learners’ cognitive and emotional characteristics. In this study, after applying the competency programme for understanding and guiding students with learning difficulties to pre-service teachers, the effects of the programme on teacher efficacy, teaching passion, and empathy were verified. As a result, it was found that participating in the experimental group to which the competency programme was applied was more effective than the control group in enhancing teacher efficacy, teaching passion, and empathy of pre-service teachers, and discussion and suggestions were provided.

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