energy security

  • The Government’s Policy in the Field of Hard Coal Mining Restructuration as an Element of Poland’s Energy Security

    Author: Małgorzata Kamola-Cieślik
    E-mail: m.k.kamola@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 247-261
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017215
    PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017215.pdf

    Coal is the primary energy source affecting Poland’s energy security. It is because deposits of this raw material are available in Poland. Unlike natural gas or oil reserves, which are limited in the country. The high cost of extracting Polish coal in comparison with coal prices on the world market has made it necessary to adopt Polish mining to functioning in market economy conditions. The paper presents the evolution of Polish government policy towards the activity of coal mines in the years 1990–2015. This article aims to present government policy on restructuring coal mining after 2015 and showing its effects. The stages of consolidation of the power industry with the mining industry are shown. The above issues are presented in the context of the European Union’s energy and climate policy, paying particular attention to the share of renewable energy sources in the energy and fuel balance and the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.

  • Report on the Scientific Conference Świnoujście LNG Terminal and the energy security of the region and Poland, Szczecin, 13–14 November 2013

    Author: Tomek Czapiewski
    Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 421–424
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014025
    PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014025.pdf

    The Scientific Conference under the name “Świnoujście LNG Terminal and the energy security of the region and Poland” was held at the Institute of Political and European Studies in Szczecin on 13th-14th November 2013. The Conference was attended by many eminent scientists and practitioners from all over Poland. Employees of inter alia AGH University of Science and Technology, Warsaw University, Jagiellonian University, Graduate School of Humanities and Journalism, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Western Institute and University of Wroclaw were present. Lack of experience in the execution of such investments in Poland and lack of national legislation adapted to the task required preparation and introduction of new laws and organizational solutions. Adopting the relevant legislation was treated as a priority by the Polish government and it helped to improve energy security and intensify the development of the Polish gas market. The location of the Świnoujście Terminal LNG in the Baltic Sea will provide the possibility of importing LNG from anywhere in the world and the distribution to operators in the country. The adoption of such solutions will be a viable diversifi cation of gas resources. This is important from the point of view of strategic Polish interests.

  • Polsko-rosyjska współpraca w sektorze energetycznym: stan obecny, perspektywy

    Author: Robert Kłaczyński
    E-mail: rklaczynski@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. KEN w Krakowie, Poland
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 43-59
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2017203
    PDF: npw/13/npw2017203.pdf

    Energy security is a key component of national security. It’s really hard to formulate correct construction of the strategic culture, political strategy, without considering this crucial component. Thus, especially important factors that shape Polish security policy should be mentioned: diversification of energy links and resources, adaptation of country`s technical infrastructure to modern petrol market requirements, bilateral and multilateral agreements covering energy security problems. The Russian factor plays an important role in the Polish energy security policy. Bilateral relations within energy sector have repercussions on Polish energy security and the foreign policy. It also has an impact on the Poland`s internal politics, thus should be considered as crucial for Polish national interest.

     

  • Geoekonomia w relacjach Polski i Rosji – zarys problematyki

    Author: Rafał Lisiakiewicz
    E-mail: r.lisiakiewicz@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie, Poland
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 140-156
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2017109
    PDF: npw/12/npw2017109.pdf

    Geo-economics is an approach that, in general, looks at the links between politics and economy in the international arena. This article is an analyses overview of the presence of geo-economics strategy in the Polish-Russian relations. The author focuses particularly on the problems of investment, trade and energy.

  • Polityka zagraniczna Francji wobec Rosji w sektorze energetycznym

    Author: Karolina J. Helnarska
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 66-84
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2015204
    PDF: npw/09/npw2015204.pdf

    The France on the international stage, with Russia can be changed while in the field of energy, trying to benefit from mutual cooperation. This comes from the desire of France to ensure the security of gas supplies, supply diversification, the strengthening of French companies in the field of energy in the European Energy market. France pursued a policy based on the security of supplies from sources of imports under long-term contracts. In addition to security issues and important economic role played by political issues. France is more active cooperation in economic matters and issues of energy security between Germany and Russia. Doesn’t want to be completely excluded from cooperation in this area. Offer Russia the possibility of buying some military technology and nuclear missiles, which can Germany offer.

  • PPSY Seminar "Security in Central Europe" (April 24, 2018)

    The Polish Political Science Yearbook invites all scholars, researchers and professionals to participate in the 7th PPSY International Seminar "Security in Central Europe: Confronting Uncertainty?" which takes place in Toruń (Poland) on April 24, 2018. The conference supports a special section of the current Volume 47 of 2018 of the journal and its objective is to discuss challenges of security and stability in Central Europe and to present current advancements in regional security studies.

    Deadline for application: April 6, 2018, with the Online Form.

    Join us on the Facebook: PPSY Seminar "Security in Central Europe"

  • Provoking Debate on Central European Security

    Author: Wojciech Michnik
    E-mail: wmichnik@gmail.com
    Institution: American University in the Emirates (UAE)
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 123–125
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018109
    PDF: ppsy/47-1/ppsy2018109.pdf

    The seminar focused on the Security Challenges in Central Europe organised by PPSY was held in Toruń on February 21, 2017. The leading topic of this event could not have been apter as the last years in the region brought back serious questions about stability and security of the region. From the domestic challenges – like the rise of populist movements; to more resurgent foreign policy of Russian Federation; instability of so-called Eastern flank; through the questions about coherence of both NATO and the European Union – Central European states found themselves in a situation unprecedented since the end of the Cold War. It can be even argued that Central Europe come to strategic crossroads that would determine future of the regions and its countries in particular.

  • THE CHANGING EUROPEAN GAS MARKET AND THE EXPORT STRATEGY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Author: Wojciech Jędrzejewski
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 83-104
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: rop/2013/rop201305.pdf

    Russian authorities have for years been proclaiming that in order to ensure energy security and to increase their economic presence in North-East Asia their priority is to diversify gas export and to increase cooperation with the Asia-Pacific region. Despite frequent meetings at interstate and business levels, and numerous formal – but no binding – agreements, no tangible progress in this regard has yet been made. This paper argues, from a game-theoretic perspective, that peril for Russian geopolitical and economic interests ensuing from both inception of EU energy policy and evolution of the European gas market has been one of the factors hindering Russian plans of eastbound gas export diversification.

  • Strategic Importance of Natural Gas in Polish Energy Policy: A Critical Analysis

    Author: Krzysztof Tomaszewski
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6324-1827
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 77-96
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.05
    PDF: apsp/60/apsp6005.pdf

    This article deals with the importance of natural gas as an energy source in Polish energy policy. Its purpose is to analyze the extent to which natural gas can provide for ensuring state energy security. This article covers issues related to the diagnosis of the gas sector in Poland (the most important economic entities, the functioning of the gas market), its role in the national energy strategy and prospects for future gas use. The article points out that natural gas, although important for maintaining and securing state energy security, is, however, not crucial in this regard. Multiannual strategies envisage diversification of the way of generating energy, which means the opportunity for renewable energy sources (RES) and nuclear energy. Natural gas has a secondary meaning in this context.

  • The Constitutional Grounds for the Implementation of the “Green Deal” in the Republic of Poland

    Author: Szymon Gajda
    E-mail: szymon.gajda@awf.gda.pl
    Institution: Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3126-0238
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 449-459
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.36
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5836.pdf

    Dynamic changes in the European climate policy are aimed at a drastic reduction of CO2 emissions. The Union’s policy has several social, economic, and political consequences. Therefore, it is subject to assessment from the perspective of the legal order, including the constitutional order of the Member States. Therefore, a question arises as to the compliance of the “Green Deal” policy with the Polish constitution. It can be very troublesome to answer them positively. The EU policy is not only implemented in the interest of the whole world, and its effectiveness is uncertain, if only due to the need for cooperation of the entire international community. An additional challenge may be the quite evident departure from the principle of sustainable development in favor of climate protection. Although the given questions are troublesome, they deserve attention and noticing an apparent collision.

  • Rent Payments for the Use of Subsoil as Part of the Implementation of State Policy in the Field of Environmental Protection

    Author: Anton Borysenko
    E-mail: lawyerborisenkoa@gmail.com
    Institution: Dnipro University of Technology
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0911-7665
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 58-70
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20200405
    PDF: ksm/28/ksm2805.pdf

    The purpose of the scientific article is to implement the characteristics of rent payments for the use of subsoil as part of the implementation of state policy in the field of environmental protection. In the course of the study, the author determined that the mechanism of making rent payments refers to the economic and legal mechanism of the ecological function of the state. The necessity of understanding the economic function of the state as a system of means, methods, directions, measures, the implementation of which allows to solve strategic tasks to achieve the principles of rational use of natural resources, to stimulate the introduction of innovative technologies to green production. The mechanism of collection of rent payments is investigated, the bases of increase of rates of rent payments are defined. The types of rent payments are set. It is concluded that it is necessary to revise the regulatory approaches to understanding the base of accrual of rent payments, as well as the components of its further distribution between the revenue parts of the state and local budgets. It is proved that rent payments should perform a social function, ie the function of fair distribution of financial resources among all members of society or members of social groups. Taking into account the proved substantiated conclusion the expediency of revision of approaches to establishment of criteria of redistribution of receipts from payment of rent payments between means of the state national and means of local budgets is defined.

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