• The Category of Gender from the Theoretical Perspective of Equity

    Author: Ulrich Binder
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 154-166
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.49.3.12
    PDF: tner/201703/tner20170312.pdf

    The question addressed in this paper asks what is to be learned with respect to the issue of gender ratio when pedagogical and political philosophical analyses apply principles of equity

  • 100 years of women suffrage in Poland. From the fight for political rights to gender quotas

    Author: Anna Rakowska-Trela
    E-mail: rakoska@wp.pl
    Institution: The Departament of Constitutional Law of Faculty of Law and Administration of University of Łódź
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2470-8893
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 261-271
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.06.22
    PDF: ppk/46/ppk4622.pdf

    In the past, the exclusion of women from the election had the sociological and cultural background. Woman’s status was derived from the status of her husband. The creation of mass parties at the end of the XIXth century had turned women into attractive potential voters. At the turn of the 19th and 20th century in Polish territories, under foreign partitions, the feminist movement was just beginning. That was because the essential issue for all Polish people: both men and women, was the regaining of the independence. Polish women undertook activity in all the countries, which annexed parts of Poland, but the character and intensity of this activity depended on the character of the regime of the occupant. The Decree of the State on the electoral law, adopted on 26 November 1918, established universal suffrage, without distinction of the sexes. Granting women unconditionally full electoral rights: active and passive (different than in other countries, when women first obtained the right to vote and later – usually after years – the right to stand for election) under the mentioned Decree in 1918, was certainly a defining and monumental historical moment. Nowadays, other factors are taken into account in deciding about equality laws: underrepresentation of women in leadership positions in politics and gender gaps, which still exist.

  • Left and Right-Libertarianism

    Author: Dariusz Juruś
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 91-101
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2016.02.07
    PDF: kie/112/kie11207.pdf

    In the paper I discuss theoretical differences between left and right­libertarianism. (I will skip the specific and practical issues which differ left and right­libertarians, including among others the minorities and immigration policies or affirmative action. I assume that practical solutions suggested by the followers of both positions stem from their theoretical assumptions.) I will focus on two issues which determine the fundamental difference between left and right­libertarianism. These are property and equality. I compare standpoints of some leftlibertarians with the positions of rightlibertarians represented by Murray Rothbard, concerning property and equality. I conclude that the main and fundamental difference between leftand rightlibertarians concerns equality. Leftlibertarians are egalitarians whereas rightlibertarians are antiegalitarians. I also argue that egalitarian position is not compatible with the notion of full selfownership, which leftlibertarians advocate for.

  • Szkoła publiczna między neoliberalizmem a narodowym konserwatyzmem

    Author: Maria Mendel
    E-mail: maria.mendel@ug.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4022-5402
    Author: Tomasz Szkudlarek
    E-mail: tomasz.szkudlarek@ug.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9308-7106
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-26
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2019.01.01
    PDF: kie/123/kie12301.pdf

    In the text, we first recall the historical contexts of changes in public education, by recalling them to shape the distance necessary to reflect on the current solstices and transformations taking place in this area. One of the main tasks of a universal and uniform school in a modernizing Europe was to ensure equal educational start for all children. In neoliberal reality, this task ceased to be obvious, and with the significant participation of parents, the foundations of the school’s public character were undermined. Parents from a politically and economically dominant middle class, seeking to gain an advantage over their children, simply do not want public school. The public school defense is therefore easily marginalized. Using the example of recent reforms (e.g. American), we show how schools are no longer places where people belonging to different layers or social classes can create a common world. From this perspective, we analyze issues arising from the questioning of neoliberal social policy that has taken place in recent years. In Poland, it finds expression in, among others in the electoral victory of the grouping (Law and Justice – PiS), aiming to restore the previously overlooked social groups to their rightful place in public space. One could expect that the style of the previous educational policy will therefore be replaced by a more egalitarian, equality policy, preventing unjustifiable selections limiting the life chances of ‘lessborn’ children. However, PiS education policy goes in the opposite direction and expands the system’s selection strategies (elite high schools, no more “mass” access to schools, etc.). Trying to find out the reasons for this contradiction, we focus our attention on the profits that in public discourse brings – as practiced today – the replacement of society by the nation.

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