European integration

  • Evolution of Schengen: an Example of Enhanced Cooperation and Differentiated Integration Model within the Area of Freedom Security and Justice

    Author: Michał Piechowicz
    E-mail: piechowicz@umk.pl
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 121-137
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017108
    PDF: ppsy/46-1/ppsy2017108.pdf

    The Amsterdam Treaty has established the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ). Since then, it is an example of a policy-making area creating its way quickly and comprehensively. However, in this paper the main dilemma is to what extent the Schengen development has modified the framework of AFSJ and how it adapts in this policy while being an example of enhanced cooperation and differentiated integration model. Developments in this area are part of a realisation that European states need to act together to better face new challenges to peace and internal security, while ensuring respect for democracy and human rights. It is important to add, that cooperation in the Area of Freedom Security and Justice has been driven by forces different from that seen in other policy areas.

  • Relations between the Europeanization and a Development of Public Policy on the Example of Cohesion Policy

    Author: Tomasz Hoffmann
    Institution: Koszalin University of Technology (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 112-124
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2015009
    PDF: ppsy/44/ppsy2015009.pdf

    The article presents basic relations which happen among Europeanization and the public politics on the example of the politics of the cohesion. The author makes the broad exploration objective concepts and also postulates determined conclusions and recommendations.

  • Between the Centre and the Periphery of European Integration? Ten Years of Polish Membership in the European Union

    Author: Artur Niedźwiecki
    Institution: University of Łódź (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 122–140
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014007
    PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014007.pdf

    Europe, slowly but surely, appears to be recovering from one of the most damaging financial crises ever, but still our continent dangles in a sort of political suspension. The “Eastern Enlargement” from 2004 has been digested badly by the European Union. Currently, we are witnessing an overwhelming shortage of common ideas for the Community consisting of the twenty eight Member States, which is striking and, is in fact a grievous phenomenon. A number of exclusive political and economic initiatives realized beyond the institutional skeleton of the Union evolve, at least partially, into disruption of pure solidarity and rudimentary concord among nations. The multi-tier Europe, evidently faltering at a political crossroads, is gradually rising from the diff erentiation of the Community and, in consequence, presupposes some kind of socio-political and economic Centre and Periphery.

  • How we might recover from the economic and social crisis through European integration deepening?

    Author: Adriana Ciancio
    Institution: University of Catania
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 161-174
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2014.03.07
    PDF: ppk/19/ppk1907.pdf

    The article regards the challenges which was brought by economic and social crisis durin European integration within EU. Author concerns questions taken up in this scope by ETJ and constitutional courts in European states as well as political and legal cicrcumstances of them.

  • Rola Kosowa w brytyjskiej polityce zagranicznej po rozpadzie Jugosławii

    Author: Bartłomiej H. Toszek
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 134–148
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.50.08
    PDF: apsp/50/apsp5008.pdf

    Czynnikiem determinującym charakter stosunków brytyjsko-kosowskich jest ogromna dysproporcja potencjałów obu państw we wszystkich możliwych sferach. Nieposiadające pełnego uznania międzynarodowego, słabe pod względem ekonomicznym Kosowo nie może stanowić partnera dla Wielkiej Brytanii, dysponującej niekwestionowaną pozycją na płaszczyźnie gospodarczej, politycznej i militarnej. Nie znajduje się ono również w centrum zainteresowań brytyjskich, a wzajemne kontakty zostały nawiązane niejako przy okazji wypełniania przez Brytyjczyków „moralnego zobowiązania”, a nie na podstawie racjonalnych przesłanek. W tym kontekście obowiązująca formuła relacji opiera się na założeniu brytyjskiego paternalizmu, który wyraża się oddziaływaniem na kierunki aktywności politycznej oraz rozwój gospodarczy i społeczny Kosowa, a także występowaniem w obronie interesów Kosowa przed społecznością międzynarodową (w szczególności na forum Unii Europejskiej i NATO). Natomiast mieszkańcy Kosowa poprzez korzystanie z udzielanej przez Brytyjczyków na bieżąco pomocy wojskowej, politycznej i finansowej oraz udostępnienie know- -how zaciągnęli wobec Wielkiej Brytanii dług wdzięczności, którego spłata jest tym trudniejsza, że ani jej termin, ani warunki nie mają wymiaru formalnego. Nie ulega jednak wątpliwości, że w przypadku wejścia Kosowa do Unii Europejskiej i NATO istnieje spora szansa, że kosowscy politycy będą głosowali w tych organizacjach w sposób odpowiadający życzeniom brytyjskim. Dalekosiężna polityka Wielkiej Brytanii zmierzająca do pozyskania przyszłego sojusznika wewnątrz struktur europejskich wydaje się zatem przynosić pożądane efekty, służąc równocześnie stabilizacji i rozwojowi tej części Bałkanów Zachodnich.

  • Regional cooperation in the process of integration of the Western Balkan states with the European Union

    Author: Renata Podgórzańska
    E-mail: renata.podgorzanska@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6610-9699
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 71-88
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201805
    PDF: rop/2018/rop201805.pdf

    From the European Union perspective regional cooperation in the Western Balkans is one of the fundamental conditions determining the pace of accession to European structures. This question is emphasized in EU documents concerning the enlargement, and it is also each time a subject of the EU’s discussion with representatives of Western Balkan countries. The aim of this paper is to articulate and characterize the premises of EU activity towards Western Balkans and to analyze forms of regional cooperation with the participation of Western Balkan countries as well as an exegesis of factors determining this cooperation.

  • ROLA HAROLDA MACMILLANA W PRACACH ZGROMADZENIA RADY EUROPY W LATACH 1949–1951

    Author: MAREK MIKOŁAJCZYK
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 222-242
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso160210
    PDF: hso/11/hso1110.pdf

    European issues were obviously very close to Harold Macmillan’s heart from the beginning of his political path, which goes back to 1924. This paper looks at the activities of Harold Macmillan in the Assembly of the Council of Europe between 1949 and 1951 and discusses his views on European cooperation.

  • Joining the Economic and Monetary Union and Amending the Constitution of the Republic of Poland

    Author: Szymon Pawłowski
    Institution: University of Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 36-47
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.67.03
    PDF: apsp/67/apsp6703.pdf

    The purpose of the article is to present a proposal to amend the Basic Law and to indicate its close connection with the nature of the political (system) decision. The amendment to the Basic Law may be extended or limited. Possible legal constructions were carried out in the article. This would determine the conditions of Poland’s participation in the euro area, which are acceptable from the Polish constitution’s point of view.

  • Organizational principles of formation of the border security monitoring system of Ukraine in the context of European integration

    Author: Andrii Ihnatiev
    E-mail: ertya1978@gmail.com
    Institution: The National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Cherniakhovskyi
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0482-6024
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 58-76
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop2020404
    PDF: rop/14/rop1404.pdf

    The current period of development of Ukraine is characterized by the intensification of European integration processes, among which ensuring the adaptation of the national border security system to the European standards takes an important place. The mechanism of implementation of the border policy implementation to ensure the border security of the European Union is the European integrated border management, the complex basis of which is the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR). For the successful European integration of Ukraine, it is important to take into account the European experience of formation, functioning, and prospects for the development of European integrated border management. Planning of preventive strategic steps, which in the future will ensure a successful integration of Ukraine’s border security system and its state border into similar components of the European Union, should be included in the content of all thematic strategic documents (legislation, concepts, strategies, programs, plans, etc.).

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