evolution of the political system of the Republic of Poland

  • Ustrój republikański z perspektywy stulecia Konstytucji marcowej z 1921 r.

    Author: Piotr Uziębło
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2473-9240
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 17-37
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.04.01
    PDF: ppk/62/ppk6201.pdf

    The republican system from the perspective of the century of the March Constitution of 1921

    The main purpose of this article is to show the evolution of the understanding of the republican form of government in the Republic of Poland. This analysis concerns not only the legal regulation of this constitutional principle, but also refers to changes in the views of the constitutional doctrine on the perception of the republican principle, including its components. Discrepancies in the perception of the principle of the republican form of government among researchers were and are significant, which shows that for over 100 years of an independent Polish State, these disputes are still vigorous. The aforementioned differences in the interpretation of the republican principle concern primarily the material elements of this principle, revealing the relationship between the republican system and other principles of the system, first of all the principle of the sovereignty of the people (the nation), the principle of the separation of powers and the principle defining the system of government. For this reason, it becomes necessary to decode these rules in a way that respects the republican traditions. and, consequently, in a way that allows the implementation of the values that underpin the creation of the republican system, not so much as a negation of the monarchy, but as an alternative form to it.

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