Article presents the conclusions resulting from a qualitative analysis of speeches giv- en by the Prime Ministers of Poland: Beata Szydło (2015) and Mateusz Morawiecki (2017). The aim of the study was to reconstruct the assumptions concerning public policy, including legal policy and issues related to the state system. The application of qualitative content analysis made it possible to determine, i.a. the main autotel- ic and instrumental values of the Polish legal system, as well as to identify the most important social objectives and ways of their implementation. The analysis of the speeches shows the dilemmas and challenges currently faced by decision-makers in Poland: political and social conflicts, legislative inflation, the need to increase ef- ficiency in public governance, supporting social capital. The main instruments for achieving social goals are: adoption of legal acts (laws and regulations) and the use of economic incentives.