• Ombudsman Institutions and the Judiciary in Sweden and Finland

    Author: Piotr Mikuli
    Institution: Jagiellonian University in Cracow
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 37-48
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4002.pdf

    The short article discusses the competences of ombudsmen in Sweden and Finland in relation to the judiciary. These institutions have controlling and supervisory powers in relation to courts of law, including the determination of the accountability of judges and typical competences of a prosecutor. The Author points out the necessity to read provisions of the constitutions and acts regulating the discussed competences in the light of the principle of the judiciary’s independence. Still, the supervisory rights of ombudsmen in Sweden and Finland are very well developed and may refer to issues approaching closely the sphere of jurisdiction. When assessing the solutions presented, the Author points out the fact that the ombudsmen in both countries have worked out respective practices aimed at such use of available means of control so they cannot be accused of a reasonable and too extended interference with the judiciary sphere.

  • Głosowanie elektroniczne na Wyspach Alandzkich – idea bez pokrycia czy realny scenariusz? Słowa

    Author: Katarzyna Szwed
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 13-31
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/50/ppk5001.pdf

    New technologies are becoming more and more frequently used in public administration and in the electoral law. Further states consider introducing an electronic voting as an alternative method of casting votes. It seems to be an attractive solution as it is expected to increase the electorate mobilisation. The Åland Islands, which are autonomous territory of Finland, are planning to ensure the Internet voting starting from 2019. It is the first stage of introducing i-voting in the Åland Islands and at this point only expats are enable to exercise the right to use it. The method is accessory to the traditional way of voting in a polling station and it applies merely to the elections to the authorities of the autonomy.

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