foreign affairs


    Author: Renata Podgórzańska
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 60-73
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: rop/2015/rop201505.pdf

    For the purposes of this article it has been assumed that public opinion is a rapidly changing state of consciousness of large social groups, made up of more or less stable ideas and beliefs, relating to debatable issues, which has a direct or indirect impact on the current or future interests of society by its properties. This article aims to analyze the impact of public opinion on Polish foreign policy after 1989. The article assumes that: the public opinion has an impact on decisions affecting foreign policy, although the extent of this impact is very different and often is purely indirect; impact of public opinion in Poland on foreign policy increases, but still shall be defined only as incidental impact; public opinion in Poland does not determine foreign policy.

  • Stosunki polsko-gruzińskie w latach 1918 – 1921

    Author: Magdalena Włodarczyk
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 452-476
    DOI Address:
    PDF: siip/15/siip1523.pdf

    Polish-Georgian relations in 1918 – 1921

    The tradition of Polish-Georgian relations is many centuries old. It manifested itself differently over the course of history, originally based on the ideology of the Sarmatism and a diplomatic alliance in the war against Turkey. Later, when they were annexed by the Russian Empire, it was based on their fight for independence against a common enemy. Their relations have a political and historical background, and are associated with the resettlement policy of Russia. Establishing diplomatic relationships during the short period of the Democratic Republic of Georgia’s existence meant acknowledging Georgia internationally, first de facto, and then de iure. The cooperation was focused mainly on providing safe return for large Polish minority living in Transcaucasia, and on Marshal Józef Piłsudzki’s federalist agenda which supported newly emerged states. Both countries’ relations were reinforced by signing a military alliance and creating Polish-Georgian Industrial and Trade Union. The cooperation was finally ended by Soviet Russia’s assault on Georgia in year 1921.

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