funkcja kontrolna

  • Instrumenty realizacji funkcji kontrolnej Sejmu – próba oceny skuteczności

    Author: Joanna Juchniewicz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 15-32
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2013.01.01
    PDF: ppk/13/ppk1301.pdf

    The control function is one of the oldest and most fundamental spheres of representative body’s activity. The aim of the control carried out by the representative body is to in- vestigate certain areas of government activity, detect and indicate irregularities, as well as to undertake measures to prevent irregularities in the future. The implementation of the Sejm’s control function, which is based on art. 95, paragraph 2 of the Constitution, occurs when applying wide range of instruments among which we can discern in- struments of individual control of Deputies (parliamentary interpellation, parliamentary questions, questions on current affairs and current information), the activities of Sejm committees, including the parliamentary commission of inquiry and instruments of control carried out by the entire chamber. The effectiveness of these instruments may be considered on many grounds – from the possibility of being used by groups staying in opposition to the ruling majority to assessment of the objectives connected to each of the control instruments, and this requires Sejm control criteria to be defined.

  • The Participation of the Second Chamber of Parliament in the Implementation of the Control Function on the Example of the Senate of the United States of America

    Author: Anna Hadała-Skóra
    E-mail: hadala.anna@interia.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6432-5651
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 199-210
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.06.15
    PDF: ppk/52/ppk5215.pdf

    This article is devoted to one of the classic functions of the legislature, which is the con- trol function. In the first part of the elaboration the author focuses on the characteriza- tion of such concepts as control, parliamentary control and the control function regard- ing doctrinal level. The rest of the article deals with the specific competences by which the Congress of the Senate of the United States of America participates in the perfor- mance of the parliamentary control function.

  • A Few Remarks on the Audit Activity of the Senate of the Republic of Poland

    Author: Lech Jamróz
    E-mail: l.jamroz@uwb.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Białystok
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7409-6525
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 139-148
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.10
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5810.pdf

    In its activities, the Senate uses a number of control powers defined by statutes and regulations, although this is not directly based on the provisions of the Polish Constitution. Such a practice is justified, if one considers the nature of the Senate as a representative body and the nature of the senatorial mandate, which does not differ from the nature of the deputy mandate. The role of the Senate, also in the scope of the indicated powers of a controlling nature, may increase when a different political majority in the Senate than in the Sejm is formed. As a result of the post-election agreement in 2019, the political majority in the Senate is different from the political majority in the Sejm. This new phenomenon in the Polish political system creates the possibility of a wider use of the Senate’s “soft” control tools. The presented paper attempts to synthetically present the reasons for considering the Senate’s control powers and their impact on ensuring systemic stability.

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