głosowanie korespondencyjne

  • Głosowanie korespondencyjne i głosowanie przez pełnomocnika: doświadczenie światowe a realia ukraińskie

    Author: Ivan Pankevych
    Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2826-9610
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 187-201
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.02.10
    PDF: ppk/54/ppk5410.pdf

    Under modern conditions elections are an integral part of social life of every state. They determine the level of democratism of a state system and constitute the basic form of ex- ercising the sovereign power of the nation. Elections are the foundations of a democrat- ic political system and a guarantee that interests of various social groups are represent- ed in state organs. Under Ukrainian legislation a special place is occupied by personal voting. Nevertheless, voting by correspondence and voting by proxy are not at all in- consistent with personal voting. The thorough analysis of the possibility to apply voting by correspondence and voting by proxy in all types of elections in Ukraine allows for the conclusion that providing for this option by the legislator would have a positive impact on democratisation in Ukraine. It would therefore be necessary to make an amendment to electoral law by establishing precise criteria of membership to the category of voters that would be entitled to cast their vote by correspondence and/or by proxy. It also would be recommendable to increase the legal responsibility of the participants in electoral pro- cesses for breaching electoral laws. Above all, it would be necessary to develop effective legal mechanisms that would enable to enforce legal responsibility, including the crim- inal liability. The indicated measures would result in eliminating the unlawful control over electoral processes, as well as in diminishing the electoral absenteeism, which in turn would enhance the legitimacy of power.

  • Postal Voting as an Ultimate Rescue Measure for Presidential Election During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland

    Author: Anna Rytel-Warzocha
    Institution: University of Gdansk
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8972-4088
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 99-112
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.07
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5707.pdf

    The article concerns the Polish regulation and practice concerning postal voting. After presenting some background information on postal voting in Poland, such as the circumstances of its introduction in 2011 and changes it has undergone since then, the author focuses on the latest amendments related to postal voting in the presidential election that were ordered for 10 May 2020. The issue has recently become extremely topical as the ruling party wanted to use postal voting for a large scale as a remedy for problems with holding the traditional election due to the COVID-19 pandemic. That idea was followed by the adoption of a specific law which, however, has aroused many controversies and great doubts about its constitutionality, mainly related to the way it was proceeded.

  • Postal Voting. Poland and Solutions in Other Countries

    Author: Andrzej Stelmach
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3747-0466
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 83-97
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.06.06
    PDF: ppk/58/ppk5806.pdf

    The article examines the thesis that the electoral law in Poland is treated instrumentally. Changes of postal voting regulations in Poland have been collated with solutions applied in other countries. The analysis focuses on the motivation politicians had to revise the Election Code and introduce postal voting. The article indicates to the ad hoc nature of solutions adopted and their short-term political benefits for various political groupings. The discussion focuses on the course of political actions related to the presidential election in Poland during the coronavirus pandemic.

  • Głosowanie korespondencyjne podczas pandemii Covid-19. Doświadczenia z polskich wyborów prezydenckich w 2020 r.

    Author: Magdalena Musiał-Karg
    Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6089-1381
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 31-48
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.02.02
    PDF: ppk/60/ppk6002.pdf

    Postal vote during the Covid-19 pandemic. Experiences from the Polish presidential election in 2020

    In order to guarantee a higher level of implementation of the principle of universality of elections, many countries introduce additional (other than voting at a polling station) forms of voting in elections. Postal voting is one of the most popular alternative voting methods – complementary to traditional voting. If this form is the only way to partici- pate in elections – there appear doubts as to the low degree of guarantee of the principle of universality. The aim of this article is to analyze Poland’s rather limited experienc- es with postal voting, with particular emphasis on the organization of elections during the Covid-19 pandemic.

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