head of state

  • The Head of State’s Constitutional Liability

    Author: Sabina Grabowska
    E-mail: chatazawsia@wp.pl
    Institution: University of Rzeszów (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 153-167
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017110
    PDF: ppsy/46-1/ppsy2017110.pdf

    The paper aims to introduce the concept of constitutional liability of the President, and the institutions of the President’s constitutional liability. The author presents the liability and its relations with other types of head of state’s liabilities. The presented analysis includes all European countries. 

  • The Proclamation of the Hungarian Republic in 1946

    Author: Schweitzer Gábor
    E-mail: schweitz@jog.mta.hu
    Institution: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, National University of Public Service
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 115-125
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.07
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4007.pdf

    The paper is dealing with the constitutional and historical importance of Act I. of 1946. In 1946 Hungary has changed its form of government. The passage of Act I of 1946 has defined Hungary’s form of government as a republic. In addition to the creation of a republic, the legislation provided powers for the president of the Hungarian Republic. Moreover, the Preamble of Act I. of 1946 was the first document in the Hungarian constitutional history which summarized and declared the most important natural and inalienable rights of the citizens.

  • The Scope of the Head of State’s Liability Based on the Example of the Principality of Liechtenstein and the Principality of Monaco

    Author: Paweł Kubacki
    E-mail: coletti1899@gmail.com
    Institution: University of Lodz
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 127-139
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.06.08
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4008.pdf

    The subject of this article is the character and meaning of the head of state’s liability. The author notices that this institution is an important factor that determines the systemic and legal position of the supreme body in the country, and adopting different solutions in this matter may make the position of heads of state significantly different, even if they seem to have a similar character. This relation has been shown on the example of regulations of liability of the heads of state in Monaco and Liechtenstein. In both countries, there is an almost identical manner of appointing to the office of a head of state and the scope of their authorities. However, the matter of liability has been regulated in a completely different way in these two countries.

  • The System of Government under the Small Constitution of 1919

    Author: Krzysztof Prokop
    E-mail: krzysztof.prokop@uph.edu.pl
    Institution: University of Natural Sciences and Humanities
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3447-4592
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 55-62
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.06.04
    PDF: ppk/46/ppk4604.pdf

    The subject of the article is to identify factors and conditions that determined the system of government of the IInd Republic of Poland under the Small Constitution of 1919. This act served as a temporary constitution until the March Constitution of 1921 came into force, which happened completely only at the end of 1922. Under the Small Constitution there has been made an attempt to introduce the system of supremacy of the parliament. It turned out to be impossible because of high authority of the head of state – Józef Piłsudski, who also served as the Commander-in-Chief. Therefore, the system of balance between the Legislative Sejm and the Chief of State was shaped in the political practice.

  • Legal Acts of the President in selected Polish constitutions

    Author: Artur Trubalski
    E-mail: atrubalski.univ.rzeszow@gmail.com
    Institution: The Department of Legal Institutions and Human Rights of the Faculty of Law and Administration of University of Rzeszow
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8020-9178
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 145-153
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2018.06.12
    PDF: ppk/46/ppk4612.pdf

    This paper seeks to address the issues related with the official acts of the President in selected contemporary Polish constitutions. For this purpose, a preliminary analysis of the position of the head of state was conducted in respect of the March Constitution, April Constitution and the current Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 1997. The nature of the official acts of the President has been assessed for the system position of the head of state. It also identifies the nature and characteristics of the official acts of the President.

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