historia prawa

  • „W tej Rzeczypospolitej prawo królem, prawo senatorem, prawo szlachcicem”. Idea nadrzędności prawa i jej praktyczne konsekwencje w realiach staropolskiej przedkonstytucyjnej monarchii „mieszanej” (XVI–XVIII wiek)

    Author: Tomasz Kucharski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5363-7529
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 63-78
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.04
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6104.pdf

    The presented article is devoted to using present-day legal terminology in scientific research on pre-modern and pre-constitutional states’ legal systems. The main focus of analysis is the rule of law principle existence between the 16th and 18th centuries in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The author tries to establish whether this is even justified to use the modern idea of the rule of law to describe the Polish-Lithuanian pre-partitions political system? And, if so, how technically do that to avoid presentism? The author tries to formulate a set of features concerned with the rule of law principle applicable to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He also tries to determine the set of conditions necessary for the rule of law principle to blossom in pre-modern reality fully

  • Suwerenność państwa i rządy prawa: kodyfikacja prawa prywatnego w Chinach

    Author: Igor Szpotakowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8015-8614
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 158-171
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201808
    PDF: siip/17/siip1708.pdf

    State sovereignty and the rule of law: the codification of private law in China

    The main issue of this article is a comparison of codification of private law in the Republic of China (1912–1949) with the current fifth attempt to codify civil law in the People’s Republic of China, which is planned to be enacted in 2020. The aim of the paper is to prove that in both the most important factors for drafting new laws were not the internal needs of the state, but the necessity to regulate the position of the country on the international arena. The analysis is based on two main concepts: sovereignty and the rule of law, which are crucial for understanding this issue.

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