individual security

  • Actions of the City Guard in Toruń Towards Residents’ Personal Safety: Self-Defence Courses for Women

    Author: Katarzyna Amrozy
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 174-187
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2020.67.10
    PDF: apsp/67/apsp6710.pdf

    The article presents main assumptions about self-defence, particularly trainings aimed at educating women, with special focus on actions initiated by the City Guard in Toruń. The Jestem bezpieczna [I Am Safe] self-defence courses for women, organized since 2006, are an important element in strengthening individual security of female residents of Toruń. Although at times such courses are subject to criticism, they have their undeniable advantages, which are specified in this article.

  • Konstytucyjne prawo jednostki do ochrony wolności i praw człowieka a kształtowanie bezpieczeństwa indywidualnego - interdyscyplinarne ujęcie problemu

    Author: Monika Wojakowska
    Institution: Szkoła Główna Służby Pożarniczej w Warszawie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6201-9124
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 459-469
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.36
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6336.pdf

    Constitutional right of an individual to the protection of freedom and human rights and shaping individual safety – interdisciplinary approach to the problem

    The obligations of the state towards people and citizens are included in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, those concerning security in Art. 5. However, this document does not clearly define the essence of this concept. The aim of the article is to show the need to include it in the basic law. The analysis of legal acts, literature in the field of security, state and law, and own research shows that society needs an unambiguous definition of terms. Of course, it was emphasized that the clarification of the definition of security in the Polish Constitution is not a simple challenge, as it cannot be formulated in absolute terms. However, an attempt can be made to analyze the subjective and objective approach to the problem. The need to look at individual security through the prism of development and the use of individual opportunities in the light of the common good protected by law has been demonstrated.

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