intellectual disability

  • Artistic Work of People with Intellectual Disabilities as a Laboratory of Social Practices. Research. Action. Solving Problems

    Author: Sabina Pawlik
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 246-257
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.51.1.20
    PDF: tner/201801/tner20180120.pdf

    People with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are often recognised as suffering from “social exclusion”. Attempts aimed at combating this exclusion include support in finding employment and preparing them for living independently. Unfortunately, for a large group of people with intellectual disabilities the aforementioned strategies of promoting social inclusion are unattainable, and thus alternative areas of social inclusion are sought after. The arts/artistic work may be one of them. Due to the fact that the study was conducted as participatory action research, the main areas of social exclusion of people with intellectual disabilities were exposed. This allowed for attempting to prevent this phenomenon. In this study, artistic work has become a laboratory of social practices toward people with intellectual disabilities and the solutions created in the realm of the arts may serve as an example for designing a normalising model of support for people with intellectual disabilities in other areas as well.

  • Electoral Rights and Intellectual Disability: Considerations de lege lata

    Author: Małgorzata Babula
    E-mail: malgorzata.babula@gmail.com
    Institution: WSPiA University in Rzeszów
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 642-651
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2018404
    PDF: ppsy/47-4/ppsy2018404.pdf

    The Constitution of the Republic of Poland mentions as one of the principles of electoral law its universality. This means that anyone who meets the requirements of law is entitled to vote. The admissibility of exclusions from this principle is also expressly defined by the law. One of the limitations in the exercise of electoral rights is an intellectual disability resulting in the incapacity of the individual. Meanwhile, Poland’s international obligations resulting e.g. from the ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities provides with a necessity of a deeper reflection on the present solutions. The ratification by Poland of the UN Convention has stimulated discussion on the political rights of people with intellectual disabilities, extending the field of debate on the legitimacy of the current form of institution of incapacitation. The aim of this article is to reflect on the current solutions in the exercise of electoral rights by people affected by intellectual disability but not being incapacitated.

  • Swedish Special Needs Teachers’ Views on Their Work and Collaborations in Education for Students with Intellectual Disabilities

    Author: Lotta Anderson
    Institution: University of Malmö
    Author: Daniel Östlund
    Institution: Kristianstad University
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 225-235
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.19.57.3.18
    PDF: tner/201903/tner5718.pdf

    The aim is to analyze what characterizes the work of special needs teachers and what collaborations they engage in in schools for students with intellectual disability. Special needs teachers with degrees from three different universities in southern Sweden participated in the survey. The results show that a majority of the respondents had long experience before they started the special needs training program and they describe the direct encounters with students in the classroom as an important part of their work. Supervision and subject-development also exist, but not to the same extent as classroom teaching.

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