intercultural competence

  • Interculturality in crisis? (New) Concepts of cultural diversity

    Author: Klaus-Börge Boeckmann
    Institution: University of Teacher Education Styria
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 13-27
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IFforE2019.01
    PDF: iffe/12/iffe1201.pdf

    This article will present two basic concepts of culture which both have a long tradition and both are currently used in discussing cultural diversity. I call them the container concept and the network concept. The container concept was widely criticised and the criticism led to the development of new models. These models are basically compatible with the network concept, but take it further in several aspects, especially with regard to the question of how cultural ascriptions lead to differences in power allocation in society. If we have new models of intercultural competence, this should be reflected in curricula and classroom practice. So the last section of the article takes a closer look at two curricular documents and presents a practical example of dealing with cultural diversity in a more inclusive manner.

  • Development of intercultural communication competence – on the basis of a study conducted among Polish and Israeli secondary school students

    Author: Joanna Sacharczuk
    Institution: University of Białystok
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6031-1167
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 193-206
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2021.01.11
    PDF: em/14/em1411.pdf

    The presented diagnostic study concerning intercultural competence was carried out in the pedagogical context of intercultural education. The research place was chosen purposively: it resulted from the intercultural character of Białystok. In the interwar period that the study refers to, the biggest national groups in the town were Poles and Jews. There were also Belarusians, Russians, Germans and Tatars. As part of the analysis of intercultural competence of students from Poland and Israel I focused on the respondents’ declarations concerning their knowledge of the social structure of pre-war Białystok. Then, I determined what motivates secondary school students to learn about the past. Developing the competence in the affective/motivational area is of key importance in intercultural communication. Identifying the reasons why secondary school students from Poland and Israel find it worth learning about the history of their ancestors is as important as knowledge of the history of our cultural group and other cultures. It was also important to determine the level of Polish youths’ readiness to communicate with students from Israel, and vice versa. Diagnosing the students’ competence allows educators to plan adequate educational activities aimed at broadening intercultural competence, to strengthen the existing resources, to improve the weak points, and fill in the gaps.

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