• Polityka wschodnia RP Uwarunkowania i efekty

    Author: Karol B. Janowski
    Year of publication: 2015
    Pages: 15-36
    DOI Address:
    PDF: npw/09/npw2015201.pdf

    In analyzing the mode in which Poland was settling its relations with Russia a deduction comes to mind that Poland remains under the spell of the syndromes which were either disposed of or dealt with by other European nations. Remaining is the challenge to solidify Poland’s position within the safety vault of heaven that is vouched by the West while establishing a pragmatic and rational and conflict free relationships with the East-Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Baltic countries, particularly Latvia. Thus, required is the ability to comprehend the Polish national interests, that is the Polish raison d’état, in a realistic and rational manner within the limits of the existing geopolitical situation of the competition, securing sustained competitive advantages, entering into alliances or compromises and making a long-term option.

  • Развитие творческой активности студентов изобразительного искусства: опыт решения проблемы

    Author: Форостюк Виталий Александрович
    Institution: H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 109-121
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: kim/2017_2/kim2017210.pdf

    The report reveals the problem of the creative activity. The gained experience of the solution of the problem has been studied. The effective ways of solving the problem have been proposed. But the inner source of the creative activity is the interest in new knowledge. And an interest is the main motive and acts as the driving force of the learning process. Without the interest to knowledge it is difficult to teach. The solution of this question is the creative activity. The article describes the experience of higher educational institutions of Ukraine аnd Poland, which prepared and have been carrying out training of specialists of fine arts.

  • Cognitive states in the process of students’ intellectual activity

    Author: Alexander O. Prokhorov
    Author: Mark G. Yusupov
    Author: Viktor V. Plokhikh
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 263-274
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/201503/tner20150321.pdf

    Cognitive states are typical of students’ educational activity, which is accompanied by high activity of cognitive processes. Management of this activity is impossible without the knowledge of the structure, function, and mechanisms of actualization of cognitive states in various learning situations. The research relevance of the problem of cognitive states in the context of students’ intellectual activity is due to their unique role in the regulation of the thinking process, maintaining a  steady focus on the solution of the problem within a certain period of time. The purpose of this article is to study the structure of the cognitive states that arises in the process of solving intellectual problems (through the example of carrying out R. Amthauer’s intelligence structure test). Leading methods to the study of this problem were tests with standardized questionnaires and retrospective self–reports. According to the results of factor analysis, ten key factors underlying the structure of the typical cognitive state of interest/mental stress have been identified. A system–forming factor of this condition has been emphasized, which is an “attitude” to intellectual activity in the context of the overall semantic orientation of the subject. The obtained results can be of interest to researchers in the field of psychology of emotions as well as to specialists involved in the diagnosis of students’ intellectual abilities.

  • Prawda czy dialog? Rozważania nad odpowiedzią Richarda Rorty’ego

    Author: Marcin Kilanowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-22
    DOI Address:
    PDF: kie/103/kie10301.pdf

    Richard Rorty postulates that we relinquish relying on the “Platonic” idea of something common to us all, something uniting us with others, and cease the search for both universal justifications and truths. Rorty fears, and backs his fears with examples from history, that referring to something uniting us may serve those who shall state that there is some right, true model of living, of collective cooperation, and that only one form of social and political organization is right for us. Because if there is a truth about human beings, about relations with others, then in accordance with the traditional way of thinking, we should act on it, and any opposing action, freethinking, should not take place. Each and every human being should act according to fixed – uncovered – standards, and those who disobey should be directed onto the right path. In short, one of Rorty’s firm beliefs is that the idea of human being, of truth, particular perspectives determine our choices – perhaps this is how Rorty’s intuition may be expressed within one sentence. But is such an opinion justified? In the hereby article I shall say it is not; whether we are universalists or constructivists, our choices may be of the same kind. At the same time, having the same metaphysical or constructivist beliefs, we may arrive at quite different choices.

Wiadomość do:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart