• Inkluzje spraw polityczno-społecznych i światopoglądowych w badaniach z zakresu historii sztuki średniowiecznej. Studia przypadku

    Author: Przemysław Waszak
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 477-491
    DOI Address:
    PDF: siip/15/siip1524.pdf

    Inclusions of socio-political matters and matters considered in terms of outlook in the medieval art history research. Case studies

    Medieval art frequently had political functions. After depicting the scope of political aspects and an example of political thoughts in Ottonian illuminated manuscripts there is an analysis of perspectives on medieval art. For example, point of view at Romanesque architecture can be marked in terms of outlook typical for a particular period. All the more important is the large-scale recent research on Romanesque architecture in Poland. There are attempts at demythologization of art and attempts to free the approach to art from ideology. Two different examples of well-known Gothic equestrian statues were discussed. Approaches to both sculptures and reception of them became politicized. The aim of discussions in this article was to point the political aspects in approach to works of art and in analyses of them. One of the conclusions is that the changing within the space of time political factor should be in many cases taken into consideration. In addition to that, the works of art should always be treated first of all as aesthetic, artistic objects.

  • The Emotional Backdrop of Legal Discourses in South China Sea Disputes

    Published online: 10 June 2021
    Final submission: 1 August 2020
    Printed issue: December 2021
    Author: Eric Pomès
    Institution: Vendée Catholic University (ICES) (France)
    Author: Jean-Marc Coicaud
    Institution: Rutgers University, State University of New Jersey (USA)
    Source: Show
    Page no: 18
    Pages: 25-42
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202104.pdf

    The China Sea connects as many coastal states as it divides due to the economic and strategic challenges it represents. It also embodies an area of confrontations between the Great American and Chinese strategies. Identifying with precision the differences that arise requires an interest in the symbolic dimensions that surround them. This angle of analysis provides an opportunity to observe the functioning of international law and inevitably leads to a discussion of the emerging international order. The literature on the situation in the China Sea abounds. The paper’s singularity is to approach it under the prism of international law as revealing the psychology of an actor. To carry out this research, the authors use a pragmatic and critical approach to international law. The thesis defended shows that, contrary to a positivist and judicial approach to international law, elements exogenous to the law, the history, and the psychology of an actor, influence the interpretation of existing norms.

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