justice

  • Zmiany sensu pojęcia „sprawiedliwości społecznej” w perspektywie celów państwa socjalnego

    Author: Andrzej Stoiński
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 51-65
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201603
    PDF: siip/15/siip1503.pdf

    Changes of the meaning of „social justice” concept in the face of the welfare state purposes

    Since the 40’s of the nineteenth century the term “social justice” has played an increasing role in political reflection. The main subject of this paper is a meaning ascribed to the idea of “social justice” in the face of goals of welfare state. From this point of view very important are various senses of the notion. It can be distinguished in this area at least two related aspects. The first refers to characteristic of the justice itself. It can be described as a virtue, norm or right. The second one applies to the particular type of justice identified with social justice. In this respect relevant are: legal, distributive and retributive (or commutative) justice. Aside from that, social justice is also treated as an idea of equality or solidarity in social environment.

  • Development of Justice and Transformation of Judicial Authorities in Slovakia after 1989

    Author: Branislav Bujňák
    E-mail: brano.bujnak@gmail.com
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0662-7221
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 431-442
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.32
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5732.pdf

    In this article, the author tries to point out the problems of the legal system and democratic society after 1989 in the condition of Slovak Republic and ultimately almost in all the countries of post-Communist period. The aim of this work is to point out the development of justice and judicial authorities in Slovakia since 1989 and its current state. The result should be the naming of all elements influencing the judiciary, decision-making activity of court in the context of the directive and the rules of the European Community. The next point is the description of the independence and connection of the judiciary and its offices to state power and related isues. Also, the autor describes to the establishment of the Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic as the highest office of the judiciary in the Slovak Republic, its competences, powers and functioning. In the same way there are listed other offices without which the judiciary as such could not function like Prosecutor’s Office of the Slovak Republic, Slovak Bar Association, Notary Chamber of the Slovak Republic and Slovak Chamber of Executors. At the end of the article the author evaluates the development of justice in the context of an ever-evolving democratic society.

  • Konstytucyjna i konwencyjna proweniencja prawa do sprawiedliwego rozpatrzenia sprawy (prawa do sądu)

    Author: Piotr Krzysztof Sowiński
    E-mail: psowinski@prac.ur.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2210-5877
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 189-200
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.12
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6112.pdf

    Constitutive and Conventional Provenance of Law to Fair Consideration of Case (Right to a Fair Trial)

    The text is devoted to the problem of the right to a fair trial, which the Polish legislator recognizes as the one of the most important civil rights and liberties. The constitutive and conventional lineage of this right was indicated. It is noted in the text that this right can only be excercised in a state that recognizes the tripartite division of power as well as in situation in which common judiciary is based on four fundamental foundations such as jurisdiction to hear a case of a given type, impartiality, independent in legal, organisational and decision-making terms.

  • Jury in Civil Procedure in the Context of Judicial Reform in Ukraine

    Author: Raisa Minchenko
    E-mail: raisa.m.2014@gmail.com
    Institution: Chairman of the NGO «Legal Dimension»
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0926-2341
    Author: Daria Minchenko
    E-mail: raisa.m.2014@gmail.com
    Institution: Attorney, Chairman of the NGO «Legal Dimension»
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0926-2341
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 84-96
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20210206
    PDF: ksm/30/ksm3006.pdf

    The scientific article is devoted to the definition of directions of improvement of the jury trial in civil proceedings of Ukraine. It unveils the historical origins of formation of the jury trial as one of the important democratic institutions, which provides the possibility of direct participation of people in the administration of justice and is a civilized means of protecting civil society from judicial arbitrariness and corruption in the judiciary. Two models of jury trial are described: the Anglo-Saxon and the continental. The existing scientific controversy on the expediency of the functioning of the jury in civil proceedings and the effectiveness of some, including complex, civil cases with the participation of the jury are described. It is argued that the reasons for the inefficiency of the jury trial in Ukraine are the non-transparent system of forming the jury lists, the lack of state funding for the jury trial, public misunderstanding of the benefits of the jury trial, and thus the non-acceptance of the jury by the vast majority of citizens and their evasion of the duties of jurors. It is concluded that it is inexpedient to preserve the jury trial in civil proceedings in its current form, as this will only harm the tasks of civil proceedings. The authors propose the ways to improve the model of the jury trial in civil proceedings in Ukraine, in particular, by building a transparent system for forming a list of jurors as a result of outreach work among the population and decent pay for jurors.

  • Persistent Conflict and Perceived Post-Conflict Peacebuilding in Southern Kaduna Region of Nigeria

    Published online: 30 June 2021
    Final submission: 16 June 2021
    Printed issue: December 2021
    Author: Tunde A. Abioro
    E-mail: abiorotunde@gmail.com
    Institution: Obafemi Awolowo University (Nigeria)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4508-8555
    Source: Show
    Page no: 11
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202129
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202129.pdf

    The cycle of individual and communal lives from birth to death is supposedly preserved by the government through institutions. However, political, social, and economic activities are engaged to make ends meet wherein the government is to serve as an unbiased regulator. The activities that play out in Southern Kaduna reflected politics of being on one side with interplay on origin, identity, religion, and locality. On the other hand, it reflects politics of belonging that play on kin, reciprocity, and stranger status. It has thus resulted in violence, suspicion, and persistent conflict. The study examines citizen’s inclusiveness in peacebuilding initiatives and the people’s perception of the sincerity of the government. The research relies on secondary sources where governmental and non-governmental publications and documents from relevant and reliable sources enriched the socio-historical approach, particularly those relating to contestation in the region. The study found out that just like situations in the other northwest states of the country, the crisis exacerbates by the government’s inability to mediate fairly between warring parties to ensure fairness and justice as well as failure to apprehend and punish the culprits, even as recommendations from the various interventions were unimplemented. Thus, the spate of violence continues.

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