key competences

  • The Role of Key Competences in Adult Education: The Case of Lithuania

    Author: Vidmantas Tūtlys
    Author: Genutė Gedvilienė
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 40-53
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/201703/tner20170303.pdf

    This article focuses on the analysis of the current state of the key competence development of adults in Lithuania. The following key competences are analysed: communication in native tongues and foreign languages, development of cultural awareness, entrepreneurship, application of information society technologies, and learning to learn. The research involved analysis of the definition and role of the key competences, discussing their typologies and revealing the preconditions, factors and approaches to the development of the key competences. Results of the quantitative survey involving 6992 adult respondents in Lithuania showed that the key competences are important for the majority of the research sample in their social, work and personal life. Individualised ways of key competence development are applied more frequently than collective ways. Key competence development is mostly enhanced by personal needs (work, wish of development and self-realization) and support of the family. The most frequently mentioned obstacles to the development of key competences are lack of financial resources and expensive training services.

  • Entrepreneurship as the Key Competence of Early Education Teachers in the Context of Employers’ Expectations – Research Report

    Author: Joanna Malinowska
    Author: Marta Kondracka-Szala
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 239-249
    DOI Address:
    PDF: tner/201703/tner20170319.pdf

    The issue undertaken in this article concentrates on entrepreneurship as the key competence of the teachers of preschool and early school children in Poland. A hypothesis was made that developing this competence in the course of professional teacher training is the condition of effective children education. For this purpose, an online survey was conducted with a sample of 232 head teachers of schools and kindergartens (public and private ones). The presented results of the research tackle expectations of employers towards recruited teachers with regards to this competence. Accomplishment of the research project allowed for formulating recommendations for teacher training within the framework of education for entrepreneurship by indicating directions and areas of implementing necessary changes.

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