Kim Jong-un

  • The Songun Doctrine as the Most Important Factor of Internal and International Policy of North Korea

    Author: Andrzej Purat
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8804-5657
    Author: Paweł Bielicki
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5015-6869
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 41-58
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.03
    PDF: apsp/60/apsp6003.pdf

    The subject of our interest is to present the significance of the Songun doctrine (Military First) in the North Korea’s internal and international politics. At the beginning, we intend to trace the concept of the Juche ideology and its essential implications for the role of the army in a country ruled by the Kim dynasty since the end of World War II. In the remainder of this study, we would like to characterize the theoretical and explanatory aspects of the Songun doctrine, focusing in particular on reviewing of its principles in terms of politics, economy, culture and propaganda aspects. In the context of the current situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, an important role is played by the Byungjin doctrine, initiated by the country’s leader Kim Jong-un and mentioned in our article, which in the future can contribute to the beginning of reforms in Korea’s economy. In summary, we presented forecasts for the future and our attempt to answer the question whether in the current international situation the Songun doctrine will be implemented in its present form.

  • Źródła ukształtowania i współczesny obraz partii politycznych oraz kultury politycznej w Koreańskiej Republice Ludowo-Demokratycznej

    Author: Kamil Weber
    E-mail: kamilwr@onet.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Opolski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6904-0073
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 23-40
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2019102
    PDF: so/15/so1502.pdf

    The sources of origin and contemporary shape of the political parties and political culture in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is a state with very specific political culture and unparalleled mechanisms of the functioning of the political parties. The article is intended to show the reasons for its development in its present form and what may even more important – the attitudes of citizens. It presents a characteristic understanding of democracy and the perception of political pluralism, which is not a desirable value at all, and the unanimity of the whole nation is glorified instead. Contrary to popular belief, in North Korea – apart from the ruling Workers’ Party of Korea – there are also other political groups with representatives in parliament. Therefore, the genesis of their creation and the profile were presented. The text is also an analysis of their actual significance and impact on the DPRK’s party system and policy, and whether the current situation may change significantly in the near future, also considering the possibility of citizens undertaking independent political activity.

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