knowledge

  • (nie)Wiedza nauczycieli mieszkających na pograniczu polsko-czeskim o swoich sąsiadach

    Author: Anna Szafrańska
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 195-206
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2018.02.10
    PDF: em/9/em910.pdf

    Położenie geograficzne może być czynnikiem sprzyjającym nawiązywaniu bliższych międzysąsiedzkich relacji. Dzisiaj liczne granice – tak jak właśnie polsko-czeska – mają charakter „zdematerializowany” i istnieją w pamięci i świadomości ludzi. Czy jednak rzeczywiście bliskie sąsiedztwo, podobne uwarunkowania społeczne i kulturowe a nawet bliskość językowa powoduje, że poszukujemy wiedzy o swoich sąsiadach? W naszym kraju od kilku lat możemy obserwować swoiste zafascynowanie Czechami. To wszystko ma swój wymiar ogólnopolski. Czy jednak sytuacja na pograniczu, a więc w bezpośrednim sąsiedztwie, jest podobna? W realizowanych przeze mnie badaniach wśród nauczycieli mieszkających na pograniczu polsko-czeskim interesowało mnie, jak respondenci oceniają swoją wiedzę o Czechach i jak opisują swoich sąsiadów.

  • Lider bezpieczeństwa

    Author: Lilla Młodzik
    Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7845-5329
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 104-116
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181905
    PDF: npw/19/npw1905.pdf

    The leader of the safety

    Analysis of achievements of theories about the safety and management studies is pointing at resemblances in appearing paradigms. New paradigm associated with such notions is one of them as: boundless organization, flexibility, networks of the value, subjective thinking, deliberate management in the face of the tolerance of uncertainty. All exchanged variables refer to issues of power and conducting which it face is changing in the era information, orientated to computer latest achievements, easiness of communicating, dynamic space. One should rank the confidence, the openness, the credibility and the responsibility among core values of this era. For her representatives are seeking authority, but every authority is a subject of the criticism from their side. The structure of behaviours is never for straights rescuing the described personality model, but the compilation of characteristics of people and of social situations. In such different reality everyone who wants to lead the field must act. In the area of the safety he has a particular dimension. Own development of the leader of the safety, based on exchanged elements is becoming an obvious duty. Elaborating this problem constitutes the subject of the present text.

  • Pre-service Special Education Teachers’ Knowledge about Autism

    Author: Ghaleb M. Al-Hiary
    Institution: The Hashemite University, Zarqa
    Author: Yusef M Migdady
    Institution: Al Albayt University, Mafraq
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 277-289
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2019.55.1.23
    PDF: tner/201901/tner5523.pdf

    There is a great deal of concern in respect to the increase autism prevalence rates. Teachers are responsible for teaching students in their classrooms. However, research findings suggest that special education teachers are underprepared and express ‘low” to “moderate” levels of knowledge about autism. Analysis of several databases revealed no studies concerning levels of knowledge about autism among pre-service special education teachers. The presented study aimed at investigating pre-service special education teachers’ levels of knowledge about autism. A test was developed for the purpose of this study. Further, a sample of 56 pre-service special education teachers responded to the study test. Participants were enrolled in a training session of 12 hours, 4 times a week. The participants responded to pre- and posttest. Results indicated that the levels of knowledge among the study sample was within the “low” range. However, this shifted toward the “moderate” levels after finishing the training. Additionally, there were no differences between male and female participants and year level in respect to the levels of knowledge about autism either before or after receiving the training. The participants differ in the levels of knowledge on GPA rating in the pretest results, but not the posttest results.

  • Science and Its Role in Modern Society: Epistemological and Social Aspects

    Author: Sevda Akhundova
    Institution: Baku Slavic University, Azerbaijan
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 32-41
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020202
    PDF: so/18/so1802.pdf

    Science and Its Role in Modern Society: Epistemological and Social Aspects

    The main form of human cognition - science - today has an increasingly significant and significant impact on the real conditions of our life, in which we must somehow navigate and act. A philosophical vision of the world presupposes fairly definite ideas about what science is, how it is structured and how it develops, what it can do and what gives hope, and what is inaccessible to it. Talking about modern science in its interaction with various spheres of society and the individual, we can distinguish three groups of social functions that it performs. These are, first, cultural-worldview functions, second, the functions of science as a direct productive force and, third, its functions as a social force, due to the fact that scientific knowledge and methods are now being used more and more widely to solve a variety of problems arising in the life of society.

  • Społeczno-kulturowe mechanizmy funkcjonowania osoby transpłciowej

    Author: Karolina Czerwiec
    Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3774-6901
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 344-364
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2021.02.19
    PDF: em/15/em1519.pdf

    Ze względu na nietolerancję społeczną zachowań związanych z tożsamością płciową, większość osób transpłciowych doświadcza poważnego stresu na różnych etapach swojego życia. Aspekty relacji społecznych są istotne dla godnego i przyjaznego funkcjonowania dziecka transpłciowego w szkole i jego osiągnięć szkolnych, a następnie – już jako osoby dorosłej – ścieżek rozwoju zawodowego i podejmowania relacji społecznych. Podczas gdy niektóre szkoły i miejsca pracy oferują bezpieczne przestrzenie, wiele osób transpłciowych wciąż doświadcza negatywnych, wrogich i niebezpiecznych środowisk. Bez określonych działań mających na celu ochronę osób transpłciowych i szerzenie wiedzy na temat transpłciowości w społeczeństwie, większość osób o nienormatywnej tożsamości płciowej pozostaje podatna na dyskryminację, nękanie i zastraszanie. Dlatego tak ważne jest diagnozowanie trudności w funkcjonowaniu społecznym osób transpłciowych i wskazanie propozycji rozwiązań zmierzających do poprawy ich sytuacji w warunkach wykluczenia.

  • Kształcenie zdalne studentów pedagogiki w czasie pandemii COVID-19 – rozważania empiryczne

    Author: Beata Pituła
    Institution: Politechnika Śląska
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7691-3821
    Author: Barbara Grzyb
    Institution: Politechnika Śląska
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3649-4068
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 88-116
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.05
    PDF: kie/133/kie13305.pdf

    Distance learning of pedagogy students during the COVID-19 pandemic – empirical considerations

    The article presents the results of research conducted in 2020 among students of pedagogy of the Institute of Education and Communication Research of the Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland) regarding the evaluation of the quality of remote education introduced in response to the situation caused by the global COVID-19 pandemic and compared them with the results obtained by others native and foreign researchers, which made it possible to specify several conclusions for further work on the application of this form of education in academic education. The main method used in the research was a diagnostic survey with the technique assigned to it. The survey, taking into account the current situation of the university, resulting from distance learning during the pandemic, as well as other information disclosed by the media, consisted of two parts. The first part contained four questions (including those relating to demographic conditions). The second part consisted of questions focused on the research issues set out in this study, the main purpose of which was to learn about the opinions and views of students of pedagogy on compulsory distance education, implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results of the research have brought a lot of new information, important for the extended analyzes and measurements of remote education conducted in many countries during the lockdown, which will allow, during possible subsequent epidemic threats, to exclude the diagnosed and identified problems that hinder the implementation of remote education of students.

  • Analysis of Anxiety, Knowledge, and Beliefs Toward E-Learning During Covid-19: The Case of Science Teachers in Aceh, Indonesia

    Author: A. Halim
    Institution: Universitas Syiah Kuala
    Author: Irwandi
    Institution: Universitas Syiah Kuala
    Author: Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf
    Institution: Universitas Syiah Kuala
    Author: M. Yakob
    Institution: Universitas Samudra
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 111-121
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.64.2.09
    PDF: tner/202102/tner6409.pdf

    The aim of this research is to analyze anxiety, knowledge, and belief toward e-learning acceptance, especially by science teachers in high schools in Aceh, Indonesia. About 117 teachers were randomly selected for this study. A questionnaire was used to collect data, and analyzed using the Likert scale. The results indicate that most teachers view the use of e-learning in teaching science to be positive. Despite the fact that only half of them are knowledgeable in the use of media and have concerns about some negative effects of e-learning on students, they still believed in the usefulness of e-learning in science education. Hence, more related research is recommended to further corroborate the findings of this study.

  • Influence of Knowledge Integration on Students’ Professional Competence

    Author: Yuriy M. Kozlovskiy
    Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
    Author: Volodymyr L. Ortynskyy
    Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
    Author: Mykhailo V. Pashechko
    Institution: Lublin University of Technology
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 124-135
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.19.56.2.10
    PDF: tner/201902/tner5610.pdf

    Integration of educational processes is fundamental to the modern learning paradigm. It is based on the critical approach to vocational training and gives students an opportunity to prepare well for their future professional life. Ability to solve complex problems is key and knowledge integration is central to the successful development of an independent learner. Research shows that the mastery of a specialist is directly dependent on their ability to solve complex problems. This, in turn, is highly reliant on the ability to apply knowledge to solving interdisciplinary problems. The presented article shows that integrated knowledge is both more encompassing and succinct at the same time. It comprises specific educational problems, the solution of which aids the development of professional competence and optimizes the educational process.

  • Accounting Training Received in College vs. Labor Market Demands: The Case of Mexico

    Author: Javier Montoya-del-Corte
    Institution: University of Cantabria
    Author: Gabriela María Farías-Martínez
    Institution: Technological Institute and Superior Studies of Monterrey
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 168-181
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.14.36.2.13
    PDF: tner/201402/tner3613.pdf

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the differences that exist in the field of accounting in Mexico between competences training offered by universities and demands concerning the labor market, focused on knowledge, skills and values. The results obtained in this study show a significant degree of separation between competences training received by the accountants newly graduated from the universities and the current demands of the labor market. It is important to note that other education environment variables could be taken into account to be included in future studies following this paper.

  • Rzeczywistość – poznanie – edukacja w kontekście radykalnego konstruktywizmu Ernsta von Glasersfelda

    Author: Jacek Moroz
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 71-89
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.01.04
    PDF: kie/107/kie10704.pdf

    Constructivism is one of the most popular and fastest growing paradigm in recent pedagogy. The fundamental assumption of constructivism is the thesis that knowledge is always and with necessity human construction. All knowledge about the world around us is the result of our experience. Of course, there are many forms of constructivism, although the Polish educational literature generally mentions two faces of constructivism: the personal (inspired by Piaget’s psychology) and the social (based on the psychology of Vygotski). It appears that radical constructivism has not been given proper discussion in Polish pedagogy. This theory, what is important, is the most famous and important kind of constructivism because of its epistemological and educational assumptions and consequences. Therefore in this article I want to achieve two goals: 1) to present the principal assumptions and the thesis of radical constructivism as articulated by Ernst von Glasersfeld; 2) to discuss selected controversies that this model of knowledge and learning has brought about.

  • From the Analysis of Pedagogical Discourse to a Reflection on the Integration of Knowledge about Youth

    Author: Helena Ostrowicka
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 5-23
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.05.01
    PDF: kie/105/kie10501.pdf

    This paper offers a reflection on educational discourse with particular focus on pedagogical discourse about youth. It begins with terminological and methodological assertions. Making a distinction between the discourse of educational practice and pedagogical discourse, I attempted to identify some types of discourse about youth which have become prominent in pedagogical research. To grasp the characteristics of the discourse I referred to quite a wide selection of pedagogical texts which provide data about the ways of problematisation of the theme of youth. They included monographs devoted to youth, research reports and articles from pedagogical periodicals, published in the last decade. My research tools in the qualitative analysis of the texts were two basic analytical categories: ideological dominants (the concept of youth, dominant values attributed to young age and youth) and interrogative dominants (fundamental practices of formulating questions about youth, problematisation, and typical conceptual categories). The typology of discourses about youth derived from empirical studies was used to construct a theoretical model of the analysis of integration of knowledge about youth. The concluding section poses several questions pointing at some potentially interesting areas for future research into heterogeneous sources of knowledge about youth.

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