Konstytucja Hiszpanii

  • Zagadnienie stołeczności miast w regionach autonomicznych Hiszpanii

    Author: Michał Zbigniew Dankowski
    E-mail: m.dankowski@vp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 173-187
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.01.09
    PDF: ppk/35/ppk3509.pdf

    The problem of capitals is often marginalized however, not always regulations referring to capitals are clearly defined. The constitution of Spain allows the autonomous regions (which the country is divided into) to designate their capitals themselves. Most regions regulate the problem of capitals in their Statue of Autonomy, or refers to other resolutions of the local parliament. Often the term “capital” is not used. Instead, the city that will host the autonomy institution is indicated. In most cases there is no doubt about the city which should hold the capital function in the autonomy. However there are exceptions to this rule. For example in Galicia a serious conflict took place in course of designation of the capital. The same is still happening in Castilla and León. This autonomy, as well as The Basque Country, has no clear regulation regarding to the capital city, which is the cause of many local political crises.

  • A tale of two UK’s European referendums. Some remarks on British history, politics and the constitution

    Author: Marieta Czekałowska
    E-mail: marietacz@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 205-222
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2016.06.10
    PDF: ppk/34/ppk3410.pdf

    The aim of this article is to present regulations connected with environmental protection on examples three constitutions: Kingdom of Spain, Republic of India and Republic of the South Africa. The aspect of this research is to analyze abovementioned regulations in the context of duties connecting with environmental protection. It is also significant aspect indicated the possibility of constitute the subjective rights to the use of environment and asserting rights directly from culprit pollution in horizontal activity. In this article, considering derives from editorial construction and taxonomy discussing provisions contained in above basic laws. Furthermore, on selected examples from judicature and doctrine had been presented a stance in order to define, which of these constitutional regulations are obliged to protect rights’ properly in cases of environmental protection.

  • Geneza i konstytucyjne podstawy prawnoustrojowe autonomii baskijskiej

    Author: Michał Zbigniew Dankowski
    E-mail: m.dankowski@vp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 159-176
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2015.04.08
    PDF: ppk/26/ppk2608.pdf

    Spain is a unitary state according the Constitution of 1978, although it is administratively divided into autonomous regions. Basque Country has large autonomous aspirations. Over the years, coexistence in larger state organisms, the Basques had relative autonomy and obtained many rights and privileges named fueros. Despite the temporary restriction or partial repeal during the nineteenth century and in the dictatorship era of Francisco Franco, the Spanish Constitution took into account the ambitions of the Basques respecting their individuality also in the field of restoring fueros, updated to the current situation of the state. Basque Country has in some fields greater autonomy than other regions of Spain, which is reflected in the Statute of the Autonomy. The Basque society largely accepts current conditions of the autonomy regulated by the Constitution and the Statute of the Autonomy. This resulted in, among others, partial social discontent against the plan to modernize the Statute of Autonomy, and most of all, marginalized terrorist organization ETA.

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