• Beneficjenci bilokacji. Uwarunkowania i konsekwencje jednoczesnych startów do dwóch jednostek samorządowych

    Author: Jarosław Flis
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2492-3729
    Author: Katarzyna Lorenc
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7505-4842
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 45-65
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.05.03
    PDF: ppk/63/ppk6303.pdf

    Bilocation beneficiaries. Conditions and consequences of dual candidacy to different local government units

    Dual candidacy to the local executive (the commune head, the mayor, the city president) and higher levels of local legislative (county councils, provincial assemblies) – which we call „bilocation” – was prohibited by the amendments to the Electoral Code adopted in 2018. The scale of this phenomenon nor its consequences have never been subject to systematic analysis before, although it appeared as early as 2002, along with direct elections of mayors. Our paper shows who – and with what success – used this possibility in the previous elections, in particular in 2014. Bilocations turned out to be common, though not dominant practice. Their political ramifications were significant, yet the pattern they form – complex and far from intuitive. Our analysis shows that excluding such a possibility did not remedy existing pathologies but could have contributed to the negative phenomena visible in the 2018 elections.

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