kreowanie ustroju państwa

  • Evolution of the Constitutional Organ on the Example of the Polish National Assembly

    Author: Radosław Grabowski
    Institution: College of Social Sciences University of Rzeszow
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 75-86
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/57/ppk5705.pdf

    The Polish National Assembly is a constitutional governing body, endowed with unique powers that cannot be exercised by any other body. However, the status of the Assembly as a separate state organ raises doubts. Since the restoration of the Assembly, its position in the system has changed significantly, which was related to the multiple modification of the competences of this organ. The evolution of this organ in 1989-2020 allows treating it as an interesting research case. Especially since the competences of the National Assembly are crucial for ensuring the continuity of state power.

  • „Byle polski sejm zaciszny, byle polski sejm spokojny”. Budowa i wygaszanie państwa prawa w II Rzeczypospolitej

    Author: Marek Stus
    E-mail: marek.
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 79-92
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6105.pdf

    “May the Polish Sejm be Tranquil, may the Polish Sejm be Quiet”. Building and Phasing out the Legal State in the Second Polish Republic

    The inter-war period played the key role in the process of realizing the idea of the legal state in Poland. It brought the uninhibited opportunity to establish a new the form of government based on solid democratic standards and the rule of law for the first time since the country had lost its independence in the late 18th century. It was expressed in the legal instruments of the March Constitution of 1921. Practical enforcement of the legal state concept in the Second Polish Republic was far from ideal though. It resulted from various political, social, economic and international challenges. The March Constitution, not always clearly worded, was subject to widespread criticism and its cumbersome regulations were ignored. Moving gradually away from the rule of law, marked by the Sanacja elites becoming more authoritarian after 1926, was expressed on three levels: creating law, including subsequent constitutional regulations, it’s interpretations and enforcement. Gradual transformation of the parliamentary-cabinet system of the March Constitution into authoritarian state was the result of these processes. The article attempts to analyze the inter-war experience from the point of view of growing degradation of the rule of law and the reasons for its instability in the Second Polish Republic.

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