KRLD

  • Rationalist Theory of International Relations: The Case of Relations between North Korea and Poland after 1989

    Author: Nicolas Levi
    Institution: Polish Academy of Sciences
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 207–225
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2015.48.14
    PDF: apsp/48/apsp4814.pdf

    This article focuses on relations between Poland and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea after 1989. Before 1989, bilateral relations between these countries were very close. As of now, the behavior of North Korea toward Poland is based on a rational behavior. The Polish foreign policy toward North Korea is within the EU framework, which supports an evolutionary change in character of the North Korean regime. Poland is involved in North Korea through different fields, especially such as the humanitarian one.

  • The Songun Doctrine as the Most Important Factor of Internal and International Policy of North Korea

    Author: Andrzej Purat
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8804-5657
    Author: Paweł Bielicki
    Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5015-6869
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 41-58
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.03
    PDF: apsp/60/apsp6003.pdf

    The subject of our interest is to present the significance of the Songun doctrine (Military First) in the North Korea’s internal and international politics. At the beginning, we intend to trace the concept of the Juche ideology and its essential implications for the role of the army in a country ruled by the Kim dynasty since the end of World War II. In the remainder of this study, we would like to characterize the theoretical and explanatory aspects of the Songun doctrine, focusing in particular on reviewing of its principles in terms of politics, economy, culture and propaganda aspects. In the context of the current situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, an important role is played by the Byungjin doctrine, initiated by the country’s leader Kim Jong-un and mentioned in our article, which in the future can contribute to the beginning of reforms in Korea’s economy. In summary, we presented forecasts for the future and our attempt to answer the question whether in the current international situation the Songun doctrine will be implemented in its present form.

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